There are other instruments to deal with water scarcity and drought such as water pricing, green public procurement, voluntary agreements, community funding, etc. Related information is available in the Water Framework Directive website.
There are several funding opportunities administered by various DGs to help EU Member States address water management issues and risk prevention in the field of agriculture, infrastructure, and environment. These include:
Rural Development Regulation (DG AGRI)
The Rural Development Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005) is the second pillar of the Common Agricultural Policy. It aims to place agriculture in a broader context, which also takes into account the protection of the environment, the quality of produced food, and the attractiveness of rural areas to new farmers and new residents.
The RDR is co-financed between the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the Member States.
The RDR has several objectives, and the improvement and protection of the environment is only one out of several. Member States have the flexibility to select the most appropriate measures to address the specific needs of their territory and decide (up to a certain amount) how to spend their budgets among the four axes.
The various policy measures are organised into three axes with each axis targeting one of the three main domains of intervention and a fourth axis called LEADER.
The three domains are:
Then, a framework of around 37 measures can be used for protecting and enhancing water resources in agriculture.
The main measures are:
Rural Development Policy 2007- 2013: https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/rurdev/index_en.htm
Structural and Cohestion Funds (DG REGIO)
Structural and cohesion funds provide some means to co-finance capital-intensive investments in water infrastructure and help EU Member States comply with water legislation.
The whole Cohesion Policy Fund amounts to €344 billion for the period 2007 - 2013, of which the majority (€282 billion) is allocated to Convergence funding for those regions of the EU whose gross national product (GNP) per capita is below 90% of the EU-average. There are three different categories of funding covered that relate to water efficiency: 'Risk prevention', 'Other measures to preserve the environment and prevent risks', and 'Management and distribution of drinking water'.
For more information on Cohesion funds: https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/funds/cf/index_en.htm
Life+ Funds (DG ENV)
For further information on Life + funds: https://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/funding/lifeplus.htm