Pursuant to Article 20 of Directive 2006/21/EC on the management of waste from extractive industries, Member States are required to draw up and periodically update an inventory of closed waste facilities on their territory (including abandoned facilities), which cause serious negative environmental impacts or have the potential of becoming in the medium or short term a threat to human health or the environment. These inventories must be made available to the public.
As of July 2017, over 3,400 closed and abandoned waste facilities were registered in 18 national inventories (see table below and file compiling closed waste facilities registered in national inventories).
The Commission organized an exchange of information between Member States on the methodologies for preparing inventories of closed facilities and on their rehabilitation. In this framework, a guidance document was prepared in order to support Member States in the implementation of Articles 20 and 21 of Directive 2006/21/EC.
Support for the rehabilitation
Support for the regeneration and decontamination of brownfield sites, including for abandoned mining waste facilities, has been provided over the years by the European Regional Development Fund and the Cohesion Fund. This will continue over the 2014-2020 period as far as it is foreseen in the relevant national or regional operational programmes.
More information can be obtained from the managing authorities dealing with the programmes, which are in charge of selecting relevant projects: https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/atlas/managing-authorities/
Source: Study "Assessment of Member States' performance regarding the implementation
of the Extractive Waste Directive", July 2017 by Amec Foster Wheeler Environment & Infrastructure UK Ltd,
BiPRO and Milieu for DG Environment