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Natura 2000 Barometer

The Natura 2000 Barometer provides an overview on the Natura 2000 network of sites under the Birds and the Habitats Directives, in terms of information on area and site numbers.

The barometer statistics are produced by the European Environmental Agency in Copenhagen once per year, based on the most recent information officially transmitted by Member States.

Together with a suite of interactive webpages with statistics on the Natura 2000 network, they are available here.

These webpages offer the possibility to generate tailor-made graphs and statistics on numbers or areas of Natura 2000 sites for particular Member States or for the entire EU, as well as information on the evolution of these data since 2011.

The barometer also regularly published in the Natura 2000 Newsletter.

How to read the Natura 2000 Barometer

  • Many sites have been designated according to both Nature Directives, either in their entirety or partially. The pooled area figures for the Natura 2000 network of sites (SPA s + SCIs) have been obtained by GIS analysis, using the spatial boundaries provided by Member States for each of their sites. The calculation used for Natura 2000 eliminates possible overlaps between Birds Directive sites and Habitats Directive sites.
  • The percentage of surface area data only relate to the terrestrial area that has been designated as a Natura 2000 site (or SPA or SCI), and does not include the marine area. Some Member States have designated substantial portions of their marine waters.
  • Sites having a terrestrial component covering more than 5% of their total area are counted as terrestrial sites whilst sites having a marine component covering more than 5% of their total area are counted as marine sites. Coastal sites with a marine area covering more than 5% but less than 95% of the total site are counted as both terrestrial and marine sites.
  • Note that several Member States have proposed large sites including ‘buffer zones’ as Natura 2000 sites, while others have proposed only the core areas. In both cases, Article 6 of the Habitats Directive applies to new activities, even if foreseen outside a Natura 2000 site, where these activities are likely to affect the sites’ integrity.

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