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Nature and biodiversity


News and events

24-06-2021: Accounting for ecosystems and their services in the European Union – INCA – 2021 edition

10-06-2021: Tackling Biodiversity & Climate Crises Together and Their Combined Social Impacts - Global Experts Identify Key Options for Solutions - First-Ever Collaboration between IPBES and IPCC Selected Scientists
http://bit.ly/BDCCSciencePublic.

01-06-2021: As part of the 2021 Green Week, the European Commission organised a session on healthy people and healthy planet: putting the global biodiversity on a path to recovery: here

27-05-2021: Today the European Commission published a report on progress in the implementation of the EU Pollinators Initiative. For more information: here.

27-05-2021:The ‘Red List of Taxonomists’ initiative is recruiting participants with a view to build a database of European taxonomic experts in the study of insects. For more information: here.

20-05-2021: The European Commission in collaboration with the European Environment Agency releases its Summary for Policy-Makers of the first EU-wide ecosystem assessment, which provides a robust evidence base for restoring biodiversity and degraded ecosystems https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC123783

19-05-2021:The European Commission published a new methodology for assessing the impacts of trade liberalisation on biodiversity and ecosystems.

Biodiversity Strategy for 2030

 

Nature and biodiversity law

The Birds and Habitats Directives are the pillars of our nature legislation. New laws now tackle specific issues such as invasive alien species.

Natura 2000

The world's largest network of protected areas, it offers a haven to Europe's most valuable and threatened species and habitats.

Species protection

We aim to protect all animal and plant species facing particular threats in Europe and work with CITES to fight illegal wildlife trade across the world.

Green infrastructure

The EU promotes nature-based solutions as a cost-effective alternative to traditional infrastructure. It's good for society, the economy and the environment.

Forests

The EU is taking several measures to protect forests and to value the ecosystem services they provide.

Global coalition "#UnitedforBiodiversity"

The European Commission calls on all world national parks, aquariums, botanic gardens, zoos, research centers, science and natural history museums to join forces and raise their voice about the nature crisis.

Knowledge and data

Tap into our resources for reporting, databases, maps and publications.

Biodiversity financing

The EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 aims to put Europe's biodiversity on a path to recovery by 2030 with benefits for people, the climate and the planet.

Overview

We all depend on nature for our food, air, water, energy and raw materials. Nature and biodiversity make life possible, provide health and social benefits and drive our economy. Healthy ecosystems can also help us cope with the impacts of climate change.
However, natural ecosystems and their vital services are under pressure from urban sprawl, intensive agriculture, pollution, invasive species and climate change. EU nature legislation, most notably the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive, forms the backbone of biodiversity policy and the legal basis for our nature protection network.

Over the last 25 years we have built the largest coordinated network of protected areas in the world, which is one of the outstanding EU achievements. Known as Natura 2000, it stretches across all Member States and currently covers over 18% of the EU’s land area and more than 6% of its seas territories. The Natura 2000 biogeographical process encourages cooperation and makes sure that protection measures can be tailored to suit specific regional needs. We also work to protect species facing particular threats, including through an EU initiative on pollinators.
But protected natural areas cannot thrive in isolation. We have a strategy to connect these areas using green infrastructure to restore ecosystem services and allow species to thrive across their entire habitat. To protect native biodiversity, we also seek to address the problem of invasive alien species. Natural Capital Accounting provides an approach for quantifying our natural capital and integrating this into decision making.

For questions and comments, please write to nature@ec.europa.eu.

 

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The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.