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Links and Bibliography


Basic information about Great Cormorants and their ecology Pan-European projects about cormorant-fish interactions
Organisations with main focus on research
  • ICES review of literature about the impact of cormorants on fisheries in Europe.
  • The home page of IUCN/Wetlands International Cormorant Research Group.

Notes from European Parliament

European stakeholders’ organisations

The following stakeholders’ organisations are members of the Stakeholders’ Liaison Group under the EU project ‘Sustainable Management of Cormorant Populations’ with the acronym ‘CorMan’. Some of these organisations have material about cormorants, cormorant-fish-fisheries interactions as well as position statements.

Welcome to the CorMan Bibliography

What is the Bibliography?

Here you can find a Bibliography that includes a regularly updated, searchable, catalogue of cormorant-related scientific publications. As such, this Bibliography does not contain everything that has ever been written about the birds – instead it focuses on so-called “peer-reviewed” articles, usually only easily-available to researchers.Peer review (also known as ‘refereeing’) is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field. This very important ‘quality control’ process is carried out by independent referees before a paper describing research work is published in a journal.

This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and prevents the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Peer-reviewed papers are basically the ‘currency’ used by academics to describe their work, test out hypotheses and communicate with other researchers – the refereeing process working to ensure that what is written is credible and underpinned by data and other information. Publications that have not undergone peer review are at risk of being regarded with suspicion by scholars and professionals. For this reason (and also the insurmountable number of such texts), this Bibliography does not include non-academic literature such as many books, magazine, local journals and newspaper articles and web-based writing. Such material is certainly not necessarily wrong or irrelevant but it has not undergone a similar form of independent scrutiny.

What does the Bibliography contain?

The Bibliography is mainly created by referring to several reference databases commonly used by researchers. The Bibliography focuses on studies of the Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) in Europe but, for example, a large number of studies of the very similar Double-crested Cormorant (P. auritus) in North America are also included.

As well as including ca. 3,000 specific scientific papers, the Bibliography also includes other scholarly articles, all of which will have undergone some form of peer-reviewing. To date, the Bibliography also includes some articles published in (a) selected relevant journals such as The Wetlands International Cormorant Research Group Bulletin, (b) reports published by research institutes and universities, (c) offical Conference Papers in proceedings volumes, (d) some books and (e) some Masters and PhD dissertations.

How do I search the Bibliography?

Users of the Bibliography can search for specific publications by typing the relevant words into the ‘Search Term’ box. You may search in an attempt to find publications:

  • By a certain author. Write the name of the author, e.g. ‘russell, I’ for ‘Ian C. Russell’.
  • About a specific topic. Choose a word that you think might be in the title of the publication or in the abstract (abstracts, short summaries, are not included for all references). You could, for example, write ‘organochlor’ if searching for publications including information about cormorants and ‘organochlorines’.

You can also choose to limit your search to a certain type of documents: The drop-down menu in the ‘Document Type’ box gives the different categories provided by the search tool. Users can also restrict documents by the language they are written in, and request abstracts and/or the title of the document in its original language (if available).