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Baillon's Crake
Porzana pusilla

Map of the common names

Resembles Little Crake (Porzana parva), but slightly smaller (L 18 cm), is the smaller crake in Europe. Barring white and black extending farther forward on flanks and red-brown upperparts. It is rarely seen. Baillon's Crake occurs mainly in wetlands, among moderatly high and not too dense marshy vegetation, generally in shallow water with sedge and reeds. The species will also use man-made habitats such as reservoirs and rice-fields. Birds take mostly aquatic insects, but also includes seeds and other invertebrates. Migrant.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
Baillon's Crake is rare in Europe. The species is most threatened by the loss of wetlands, in particular through the cutting and frequent burning of waterside vegetation at certain times of year, especially since it is carried out during the nesting season. Illegal shooting and water pollution by pesticides and industrial and urban residues are additional threats. In south of Spain, there is a high mortality due to the crabs' traps where it is caught. Mortality from collision with powerlines during night-time migration is high.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population :
3,000 / 5,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species