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Black Wheatear
Oenanthe leucura

Map of the common names

The biggest (L 18 cm) and the only all-dark wheatear in Europe. The habitat frequented by the Black Wheatear varies throughout its range and includes mountainous regions on dry, stony and rocky slopes, often with scattered trees and bushes which are habitually used as lookout posts. Nesting occurs around ruined buildings. Feeds mostly on insects, but also berries in winter. Resident.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
Nest predation by snakes, rats and foxes is a common cause of reproductive failure in the Black Wheatear. Habitat deterioration, afforestation and severe winters may also cause extinctions locally.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population :
4,000 / 16,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos


back to list of threatened species