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Scottish Crossbill
Loxia scotica

Map of the common names

All crossbill (Loxia) are characterized by mandibles crossed at tip. Scottish Crossbill is biger (L 18 cm) than Crossbill (L. curvirostra) and has biger bill. The primary habitat is native forests of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) where birds feed on pine-cone seeds. Resident.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
This species is confined to Scotland with a breeding population estimated to be around 1,500 pairs. Scotish pinewoods has undoubtely declined dramatically over the last years and not all the remaining forest receives adequate management. Furthermore, there has been underplanting with exotic coniferes. Numbers of red deer (Cervus elaphus) are still too high in most forests, and they prevent regeneration of trees.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population :
300 / 1 300 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species