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Falco rusticolus

Map of the common names

Bigest falcon (L 55 cm) in the EU. Varies in coloration, some can be almost entirely lead-grey and some are wholly white. Most Gyarfalcon pairs breed on cliffs, either coastal or inland along river valleys and mountains. Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) and Willow Grouse (L. lagopus), constitute the main prey species. Migrant.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The breeding population in EU is about 1,500 pairs. A regional threat to the species is the illegal taking of eggs and young. Illegal shooting, intensive shooting of grouse populations and disturbance near some traditional nest-sites may also cause additional problems.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population :
400 / 650 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species