Navigation path

High level navigation


Page navigation

Additional tools

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • YouTube
  • Print version
  • Decrease text
  • Increase text

Black-shouldered Kite
Elanus caeruleus

Map of the common names


Small raptor (L 30 cm), white and grey, can be distinguised by black scapular patches and because often hovers. The preferred breeding habitat of the Black-winged Kite is open woodland with cereal fields where hunts. The species avoids dense forests or mountain areas. Feed mostly on small mammals, reptiles and insects. Resident.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I

The European breeding range of the Black-winged Kite expanded between 1970 and 1990. However, the species remains rare and the breeding popualtion is estimated to number less than 2,000 pairs. The intensification of agriculture through the introduction of new crops and irrigation and the abandonment of less productive areas are all affecting the species.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population : 1,100 / 2,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species