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Long-toed Pigeon
Columba trocaz

Map of the common names


Slightly smaller (L 39 cm) than Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus), but much darker grey and with an indistinct glossy silvery patch on neck-side. The laurel forest on Madeira is the largest area of this forest-type pigeon in the world. Containing almost all of the Long-toed Pigeon's natural food resources, it is essential to the survival of the species. Resident.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I

Endemic of the Atlantic island of Madeira, the population of the Long-toed Pigeon is considered stable and estimated at 5,000 individuals. Laurel forest once covered most of the island of Madeira but much of it has been felled for its valuable timber, which was exported or used locally for construction. In recent times the felling has been strictly controlled. The habitat remains threatened by fires and the pigeon is affected by shooting and predation by rats.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population : 3,500 / 5,000 birds

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species