Slightly smaller (L 95 cm) than its white relative and often shyer. It can be distingued by its uniform black plumage, except underparts. Nests on undisturbed mature trees or on rock faces, with nearby lagoons, streams or ponds. The birds feed principally on fish, amphibians, reptilians and insect. Migrant.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The European breeding population is estimated about 500 pairs. Destruction and degradation of breeding habitats and disturbance at breeding and feeding sites are the major problems. Other possible threats include collision with powerlines and collectors.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
Population : 500 / 600 pairs
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