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Caprimulgus europaeus

Map of the common names


A nocturnal bird, often perches at its daytime roost along a tree branch. Medium-sized bird (L 27 cm), grey coloured with white patches on wing tip. Nightjars nest on sparsely vegetated ground, in heathland, woodland edges and clearings. Birds hunt for flying insects. Migrant.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I

The main causes of the decline of this species are probably habitat degradation through changes in forestry practices, pesticide use which seriously reduce or eliminate populations of insects, afforestation and road mortality.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population : 100,000 / 200,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species