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Tengmalm's Owl
Aegolius funereus

Map of the common names


A small (L 25 cm) large-headed owl. Tengmalm's Owl is decidedly nocturnal and difficult to see. The species inhabits pine and fir forests with dense grove, at altitudes of up to 1,600 m, between old trees and it is often encountered at edges of glades. It is dependent on availability of small mammals. Resident.

Watercolour by Serge Nicolle

Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I

Tengmalm's Owl is threatened by deterioration and degradation of habitat (forest exploitation and afforestation) and disturbances at the breeding sites due mostly to tourism development and sports activities.

Distribution map

yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor

Population : 38,000 / 68,000 pairs

Drawing by Manuel Manolos

back to list of threatened species