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Nature and biodiversity

News and events

22-06-2022: Commission adopts proposal for a Nature Restoration Law to restore Europe’s nature by 2050 (Press release, Questions and Answers)

23-03-2022: Spring Biodiversity Market of the Belgian Biodiversity Platform: High level information session on biodiversity restoration in cooperation with DG Environment (presentations)

21-05-2022: Natura 2000 day

18-05-2022: 6th edition of our Natura 2000 Award Ceremony

24/25-02-2022: Ministerial Conference on the 30 years of the Natura 2000 network

28-01-2022: The European Commission published a new Staff Working Document on the criteria and guidance for protected area designations


Biodiversity Strategy for 2030


Nature and biodiversity law

The Birds and Habitats Directives are the pillars of our nature legislation. New laws now tackle specific issues such as invasive alien species.

Natura 2000

The world's largest network of protected areas, it offers a haven to Europe's most valuable and threatened species and habitats.

Species protection

We aim to protect all animal and plant species facing particular threats in Europe and work with CITES to fight illegal wildlife trade across the world.

Green infrastructure

The EU promotes nature-based solutions as a cost-effective alternative to traditional infrastructure. It's good for society, the economy and the environment.


The EU is taking several measures to protect forests and to value the ecosystem services they provide.

Global coalition "#UnitedforBiodiversity"

The European Commission calls on all world national parks, aquariums, botanic gardens, zoos, research centers, science and natural history museums to join forces and raise their voice about the nature crisis.

Knowledge and data

Tap into our resources for reporting, databases, maps and publications.

Biodiversity financing

The EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 aims to put Europe's biodiversity on a path to recovery by 2030 with benefits for people, the climate and the planet.


We all depend on nature for our food, air, water, energy and raw materials. Nature and biodiversity make life possible, provide health and social benefits and drive our economy. Healthy ecosystems can also help us cope with the impacts of climate change.
However, natural ecosystems and their vital services are under pressure from urban sprawl, intensive agriculture, pollution, invasive species and climate change. EU nature legislation, most notably the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive, forms the backbone of biodiversity policy and the legal basis for our nature protection network.

Over the last 25 years we have built the largest coordinated network of protected areas in the world, which is one of the outstanding EU achievements. Known as Natura 2000, it stretches across all Member States and currently covers over 18% of the EU’s land area and more than 6% of its seas territories. The Natura 2000 biogeographical process encourages cooperation and makes sure that protection measures can be tailored to suit specific regional needs. We also work to protect species facing particular threats, including through an EU initiative on pollinators.
But protected natural areas cannot thrive in isolation. We have a strategy to connect these areas using green infrastructure to restore ecosystem services and allow species to thrive across their entire habitat. To protect native biodiversity, we also seek to address the problem of invasive alien species. Natural Capital Accounting provides an approach for quantifying our natural capital and integrating this into decision making.

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