Navigation path

High level navigation

Page navigation

Additional tools

  • Instagram
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • YouTube
  • Print version
  • Decrease text
  • Increase text

Our Oceans, Seas and Coasts

Implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive

Developing common approaches, pooling resources through experience-sharing, bringing together the best technical expertise and investing in joint research are crucial tools to ensure that marine strategies are coherent, consistent and built on the best advice of the political and scientific community.

In June 2020 the Commission is expected to adopt a report that assesses the implementation and achievements of the MSFD so far, as the environmental framework for protecting European seas and oceans. The report will also identify the main challenges that lie ahead, and shed light on the state of the seas in view of the impacts from human activities.

Common Implementation Strategy

The Directive requires from Member States detailed and coordinated input. In order to facilitate this work, Member States and the European Commission have set up an informal programme of coordination, the Common Implementation Strategy (CIS). The CIS is composed of the following working groups:

Marine Directors: Highest level political group focused on ensuring the overall implementation of the Directive.

Marine Strategy Coordination Group: Link between Marine Directors and Working Groups, preparing material for the Marine Directors and overseeing the work of the Working Groups. This group (and its subgroups) is a Commission expert group within the meaning of Commission decision C(2016)3301

Working and Technical Groups: Prepare common methods for implementation of the Directive:

  • WG on Good Environmental Status to support Member States in the determination of GES.
  • WG on Programmes of Measures and Socio-Economic Analysis to develop common methodologies and approaches to carry out the economic and social analysis of the use of the marine waters.
  • WG on Data, Information and Knowledge Exchange to support Member States with their data reporting obligations.

Three technical subgroups, focusing on emerging areas of particular concern, underwater noise litter and seabed, have been set up under WG GES to advise on the setting of threshold values as required by Commission Decision 2017/848/ EU, the standardisation of monitoring methods and provide a forum for exchange of principles and best practice on target setting and assessment methodologies. A fourth technical group provides a platform for the necessary discussions on data and IT-related issues.

More information about meeting dates and CIS documents can be found at the bottom of this page. The work of the Common implementation Strategy for 2020-2022 follows an agreed work programme.

For the MSFD CIS work programme 2014 and beyond click here.

Implementation cycles

Reports on Member States' implementation of the MSFD cycles are available here.

The Marine Strategy Framework Directive Scoreboard

In order to monitor and inform about how well Member States follow their reporting obligations, an informal Marine Strategy Framework Directive scoreboard has been developed. Read more here.

The Marine Strategy Framework Directive - Public Consultations

Article 19 of the Marine Directive requires that each Member State organizes a public consultation procedure related to the implementation of this Directive. Member States have to ensure that all interested parties are given early and effective opportunities to participate, involving where possible, existing management bodies or structures.

Please find here information received from Member States with regard to the public consultations process.

Regional Cooperation

The Marine Directive sets out a regional approach to the management of our seas, requiring Member States to cooperate with their neighbours when developing their marine strategies.

Sharing our marine waters does not mean only sharing the benefits from the seas, but also addressing together the numerous challenges to be faced in achieving GES.

The frameworks developed by Member States to implement the Directive should be coherent within the different marine regions or sub-regions and across the European Union. For instance, the determination of what GES means for a Member State’s marine waters, let’s say in terms of the levels of marine litter in the waters, should be coherent with what neighbouring Member States, sharing the same waters, have determined (which does not necessarily mean that it should be similar as each national situation should be taken into account).

Common Implementation meeting dates and documents

All documents and information on the meetings held by the Marine Strategy Coordination Group and its subgroups are available through the CIRCABC platform.

Please also note that:

  • In line with the principle of transparency, all sections of the library are public except for the MSFD Regulatory Committee (accessible only to registered Committee Members / Expert).
  • Measures to ensure personal data protection: from now on the minutes of the CIS meetings will contain the name and organisation of the participants, without further personal data (no email, no address, no telephone).

To know more about European research projects on the sea, go to our Research page!

Other challenges for a successful implementation

  • The need to devise appropriate financing strategies, tapping into all relevant financial resources within the EU, in coherence with Article 22 of the MSFD;
  • The integration of sectoral policies, whether maritime sectors or activities on land affecting the marine environment;
  • Active dissemination and communication on the marine environment;
  • Enhanced participation of stakeholders at all levels: national, regional, European and international. The organisation of major events could contribute to this end.