LIFE Clima-Bombina - New habitats for Bombina bombina other amphibians and birds to counteract problems from climate change in coastal areas

LIFE18 NAT/DK/000732

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Contact details:

Contact person: Carsten Horup
Tel: 4555362491
Email: caho@vordingborg.dk

Project description:


The species and natural habitat types targeted by LIFE Clima-Bombina currently have a poor conservation status. They are located close to sea level and so are vulnerable to climate change, rising sea level and flooding. These species include the European fire-bellied toad (Bombina Bombina) and other amphibians and reptiles. They havesmall populations with poor genetic variation and are at risk of inbreeding.

Other threats to target species include overgrowth caused by insufficient grazing or mowing and accelerated by diffuse nutrient loads, inappropriate hydrology, fragmented habitats, and landowner and the general publics lack of knowledge about Natura 2000.


The aim of the LIFE Clima-Bombina project is to obtain favourable conservation status for the European fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina) and to contribute to obtaining a favourable conservation status for eight other animal species, nine natural habitat types and four bird species.

This means:

  • restoring and creating a large number of ponds for the Annex II species Bombina bombina and increasing the population with a supplementary breeding programme and improvements to hibernation areas;
  • securing existing and new areas which host nine Annex I habitat typesby comprehensively extending agricultural areas;
  • improving habitats for four bird species in Annex I of the Birds Directive;
  • supporting seven Annex IV species of amphibians/reptiles and one Annex II amphibian.

LIFE Clima-Bombina will contribute to halting the loss of biodiversity and support the Natura 2000 network. It will help implement the Habitats Directive and Birds Directive, address EU biodiversity strategy targets and support the EU Water Framework Directive. It will also support EU Rural Development policy and UN sustainable development goals.


Expected results:

  • a population of B. bombina of at least 2 000 individuals established within 5-10 years by: - building 29 new ponds elevated enough above sea level to prevent flooding; - managing 13 existing habitats and 45 new hibernation sites; - supplementary breeding and restocking of 7 500 individuals;
  • improved habitats and conservation status of seven other annex IV amphibians and one reptile species with at least 100 individuals per species;
  • connectivity between habitats ensured by extending at least 175ha of agricultural land for: calcareous grassland, dry grasslands, Nardus grassland, salt meadows, Molinia meadows, lowland hay meadows, lakes and grey dunes; and
  • a management plan for the project areas and an amphibian action plan.

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Environmental issues addressed:


Habitats - Freshwater


stock management‚  nature conservation

Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 ...
  • Directive 79/409 - Conservation of wild birds (02.04.1979)
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directiv ...
  • Water
  • Directive 2000/60 - Framework for Community action in the field of water policy (23.10.2000)

Target Habitat types

  • 6510 - "Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)"
  • 1330 - Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae)
  • 2130 - Fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation ("grey dunes")
  • 3130 - Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoëto-Nanojuncetea
  • 3140 - Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp.
  • 3150 - Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition - type vegetation
  • 6120 - Xeric sand calcareous grasslands
  • 6210 - Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
  • 6230 - "Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)"
  • 6410 - "Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae)"

Natura 2000 sites

SPA DK006X081 Karrebæk, Dybsø og Avnø Fjorde
SCI DK006X234 Havet og kysten mellem Karrebæk Fjord og Knudshoved Odde
SPA DE1530491 Östliche Kieler Bucht
SCI DE1629391 Strandseen der Hohwachter Bucht
SCI DE1631393 Küstenlandschaft Nordseite der Wagrischen Halbinsel



Coordinator Vordingborg Kommune / Vordingborg Municipality
Partners MST(Miljøstyrelsen Storstrøm / The Danish Environmental Protection Agency Storstrøm), Denmark StN(Stiftung Naturschutz Schleswig-Holstein), Germany AC(Amphi Consult ApS v. Peer Ravn), Denmark


Project reference LIFE18 NAT/DK/000732
Duration 01-SEP-2019 to 31-DEC -2023
Total budget 5,103,983.00 €
EU contribution 3,062,380.00 €
Project location


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