LIFE TTGG - The tough get going

LIFE16 ENV/IT/000225

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Contact details:

Contact person: Jacopo Famiglietti
Tel: 3923998648
Email: jacopo.famiglietti@polimi.it

Project description:


The dairy sector is a major creator of wealth and jobs in the EU. However, dairy products also play a major role in greenhouse gas emissions, with 37% attributable to enteric fermentation. The sector also has a significant impact on water resource depletion, freshwater eutrophication, marine eutrophication, freshwater eco-toxicity, land consumption and acidification.

Solutions are needed to improve the supply chain efficiency of French and Italian cheeses and to analyse and reduce their Product Environmental Footprint (PEF).

The Grana Padano PDO cheese (which accounts for approximately 24% of the total milk output in Italy and with 183 000 tonnes produced in 2015) and one French PDO cheese will be taken as references for the analysis.


The LIFE TTGG project aims to improve the supply chain efficiency of European hard and sei-hard PDO cheeses by designing and developing an Environmental Decision Support System (EDSS) in order to assess and reduce its PEF. This tool will be calibrated, validated and tested on Grana Padano and on another French PDO cheese (still to be defined). It will then be proposed as a reference for other EU PDO Consortia. The French dairy organisation, CNIEL, a project partner, will be responsible to test the EDSS on French PDO cheeses.

Specific project objectives include:

  • Developing effective methodologies for calculating and reducing PEF, tailored to a wide range of hard or semi-hard cheeses;
  • Making it easier to calculate and reduce PEF and its reduction through user-friendly tools;
  • Spreading PEF among PDO consortia in order to increase the number of individual producers certifying their cheese products;
  • Optimising of both environmental and economic performances in farms, dairies and packaging producers (PEF reduction measures); and
  • Increasing stakeholder and consumer know-how about PEF, providing sound, reliable and simple information, which could also be used for green public procurement.
  • The project will contribute to the Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe and the Circular Economy Action Plan, which foresee PEF as a common method of measuring environmental performance. Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCR) are aimed at providing detailed technical guidance on how to conduct a PEF study. The rules on dairy are currently under development and still need to be consulted upon and examined by the review panel. The LIFE TTGG project represents an opportunity to test PEFCR and feed into policy.

    Expected results:

  • Development of a life-cycle analysis (LCA) of a representative sample of Grana Padano (65 farms, 18 dairies and 18 packaging producers) and of a French hard and semi-hard PDO cheese (35 farms and 15 dairies);
  • Implementation of a Life-Cycle Inventory (LCI) datasets in compliance with the European International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Data Network, following the entry level requirements for the following specific processes: the production of 1 litre of cows' milk; the production of two of the main feeds used for cows; the production of 1 kg of Grana Padano; and the production of 1 kg of the three packaging solutions. The scope of the LCI datasets is to facilitate the calculation of the PEF of non-PDO cheese products;
  • An EDSS in Italian, English, French and Spanish to calculate and reduce the PEF of hard and semi-hard PDO cheeses;
  • Testing of 25% of Grana Padano, 5% of other Italian PDO hard cheeses, and 10% of French PDO hard and semi-hard cheeses (in terms of production), using the EDSS; and
  • 8.5 million consumers buying products with environmental footprint information (QR code on the packaging) following the project's completion.



Environmental issues addressed:


Environmental management - Circular economy and Value chains
Industry-Production - Food and Beverages
Environmental management - Life Cycle Assessment-Management


consumer information‚  integrated management‚  food production‚  resource conservation

Target EU Legislation

  • Waste
  • COM(2015)614 - "Closing the loop - An EU action plan for the Circular Economy" (02.12.2015)
  • Industry and Product Policy
  • COM(2003)302 - Integrated Product Policy - Building on Environmental Life-Cycle Thinking (18.06.2 ...

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable



Coordinator Politecnico di Milano
Type of organisation University
Description The Politecnico di Milano is a science and technology university producing engineers, architects and industrial designers through a variety of innovative specialised courses. The Politecnico di Milano has always been based on quality and innovation in teaching and research, resulting in a prolific relationship with the economic and manufacturing worlds through experimental research and the transfer of technology.
Partners Centre national Interprofessionnel de l’Economie Laitière, France Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy FONDAZIONE QUALIVITA, Italy Consorzio per la Tutela del Formaggio Grana Padano, Italy ENERSEM s.r.l., Italy Organisation for an international Geographical Indications Network, Switzerland


Project reference LIFE16 ENV/IT/000225
Duration 03-JUL-2017 to 30-JUN -2021
Total budget 2,148,987.00 €
EU contribution 1,270,869.00 €
Project location Île,de,France(France) Champagne-Ardennes(France) Picardie(France) Haute-Normandie(France) Centre(France) Basse-Normandie(France) Bourgogne(France) Nord-Pas-De-Calais(France) Lorraine(France) Alsace(France) Franche-Comté(France) Pays de la Loire(France) Bretagne(France) Poitou-Charentes(France) Aquitaine(France) Midi-Pyrénées(France) Limousin(France) Rhône-Alpes(France) Auvergne(France) Languedoc-Roussillon(France) Provence-Alpes-Côte d' Azur(France) Corse(France) Guadeloupe(France) Martinique(France) Guyane(France) Réunion(France) Piemonte(Italia) Valle d'Aosta(Italia) Liguria(Italia) Lombardia(Italia) Trentino-Alto Adige(Italia) Veneto(Italia) Friuli-Venezia Giulia(Italia) Emilia-Romagna(Italia) Toscana(Italia) Umbria(Italia) Marche(Italia) Lazio(Italia) Campania(Italia) Abruzzo(Italia) Molise(Italia) Puglia(Italia) Basilicata(Italia) Calabria(Italia) Sicilia(Italia) Sardegna(Italia)


Read more:

Project web site Project's website
Project web site - 2 Project's Twitter page
Project web site - 2 Project's Facebook page
Video link LIFE The Tough Get Going – New basis for quality production - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1XLyLFW7EO8&feature=youtu.be


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version