LIFE PALUDICOLA - Habitat restoration for the Spring and Autumn migration of the Aquatic Warbler in the Iberian Peninsula

LIFE16 NAT/ES/000168

Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version  

Contact details:

Contact person: Eduardo DE MIGUEL
Tel: 34679171426
Email: edemiguel@fundacionglobalnature.org

Project description:


The priority species (Annex 1 of the Birds Directive) aquatic warbler (Acrocephalus paludicola) is Europe’s rarest migratory species, with less than 3 300-3 400 males and a breeding area of 6 800 km2. According to the European Environment Information and Observation Network, the species is declining, endangered or in a situation of severe population slowdown. The causes of this decline are the frequent loss of nesting habitat, mainly due to drainage of shallow wetlands, peatlands and flood plains for use as agricultural land or for peat extraction, but also by uncontrolled burning. Changes in hydrological regimes have also had a severe negative impact.

Spain is on the aquatic warbler's main spring and autumn migration routes between Europe and Africa. However, in Spain certain areas of the countryside have experienced significant loss of fens due to disappearance of extensive animal grazing. Locally, in Tierra de Campos, for instance, there’s been a considerable fall-off of sheep grazing and in the use of cattle for the grazing of open pastures. While this is a local problem, it is of high significance for the aquatic warbler, as it has contributed to the virtual disappearance of the species’ favoured habitat in many Iberian wetlands along its migratory routes.


The LIFE PALUDICOLA project aims to:

  • Halt the decrease in the population of the aquatic warbler, Europe’s most endangered passerine species;
  • Increase areas of open wetland vegetation for resting over along the species’ migratory routes in Spain. Many of these habitats are listed in Annex I of the Habitats Directive as priority for conservation; and
  • Increase the knowledge about the severe population slowdown of the species and to share this information with working groups in northern Europe, to improve and coordinate the conservation and habitat management measures.
  • Specific objectives:

  • Encouraging traditional management of target wetland vegetation, to obtain an extension of the rare, or disappearing habitats. The farm management methods will include mechanical mowing, controlled animal grazing and soil stripping, as well as the halting of regular burning. Herbaceous and bird-friendly bush species will also be planted;
  • Increasing local knowledge of the species and awareness about the benefits of recovering traditional management of vegetation; and
  • Establishing a national strategy for the conservation of the aquatic warbler in Spain, as well as specific CAP EU Rural Development agri-environmental programmes to ensure legislative and financial measures to enable the implementation of management plans sustainable in the long term.
  • Expected results:

  • Restoration and improvement of approximately 380 ha of favourable habitat for the aquatic warbler, including: - Consolidation of 22 ha of potentially floodable areas by purchasing 11 ha of the Boada de Campos wetland and with the implementation of hydraulic works to promote the flooding of another 11 ha in Marjal del Moro and Albufera de Valencia. Implementation of other wetland improvement works by removing soil embankments (1 075 m) and repairing channels and irrigation canals (1 425 m); - Restoration of at least 336 ha of suitable habitat through: rotational grazing by 20-25 animals on some 120 ha, regular mechanical mowing on another 195 ha, using amphibious machinery and a tractor, removing an average of 1 000 tonnes of biomass in total (975-1 170 tonnes); and removal (through soil stripping) of 8 ha with overgrowth of high and dense reed beds, producing 64-80 tonnes of organic matter for farming purposes; and - Improvement of the habitat diversity and structure by planting herbaceous species (32 500 plants) on 13 ha and planting 4 km of riverside bush groves (12 000 plants);
  • Control of invasive American minks (Neovison vison) through the removal of 30/40 individuals for year;
  • Improved knowledge about the species’ population and preferred habitats in areas of the Iberian Peninsula, through three detailed annual censuses and botanical cartography, data available via a public geographical information system (GIS);
  • An extensive communication strategy with a wide reach focusing especially on the project website, Radio Televisión Española, a mobile exhibition and school visits;
  • Consolidation of long-term conservation measures through the development of a national strategy for the conservation of the species, a specific EU RDP agri-environmental programme to support mowing and grazing of areas of environmental interest, and a consolidated international working group dedicated to the species (networking).



Environmental issues addressed:


Species - Birds


aquatic ecosystem‚  grazing‚  introduction of animal species‚  wetlands ecosystem

Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • Directive 79/409 - Conservation of wild birds (02.04.1979)
  • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 ...

Target species

 Acrocephalus paludicola     

Target Habitat types

  • 02 - Specific (i.e.for technical reasons or specific issue)

Natura 2000 sites

SCI ES0000023 L'Albufera
SCI ES0000060 Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca.
SPA ES0000091 ZEPA Humedales de La Mancha
SCI ES0000148 Marjal dels Moros.
SCI ES0000147 Marjal de Pego-Oliva.
SPA ES0000467 Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca (ZEPA)
SPA ES0000470 Marjal dels Moros (ZEPA)
SPA ES0000471 l'Albufera (ZEPA)
SPA ES0000487 Marjal de Pego-Oliva (ZEPA)



Coordinator Fundacion Global Nature
Type of organisation NGO-Foundation
Description Fundación Global Nature is a privately-owned foundation that develops projects on nature conservation, environmental protection and land-use planning. It seeks to help conserve or recover threatened habitats and species, to restore traditional farming practices and to raise the awareness of the general public about nature conservation issues. The majority of the foundation’s activities are in Spain, but it also develops projects worldwide. It has already run several successful LIFE projects.
Partners Junta de Castilla y León - Dirección General del Medio Natural de la Consejería de Fomento y Medio Ambiente, Spain


Project reference LIFE16 NAT/ES/000168
Duration 01-OCT-2017 to 31-DEC -2021
Total budget 1,550,968.00 €
EU contribution 1,163,226.00 €
Project location Castilla-León(España) Castilla-La Mancha(España) Comunidad Valenciana(España)


Read more:

Leaflet "LIFE Paludicola: Restauración del hábitat para la ...
Leaflet "LIFE Paludicola: Habitat restoration for the spri ...
Poster Project's roll up (9.57 MB)
Poster Project's poster (5.57 MB)
Project web site Project's website (Spanish version)


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version