LIFE SOUTHERN WOLVES - The wolf of Andalusia: changing attitudes

LIFE15 GIE/ES/000962

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Contact details:

Project Manager: Francisco Javier MADRID ROJO
Tel: 0034954003000
Fax: 0034955003777
Email: rosa.moreno@juntadeandalucia.es

Project description:


The Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) is a subspecies of grey wolf found in north-west Spain and northern Portugal. Its prey includes both game species and livestock. This is a source of conflict with those who make a living from these animals. Minimising wolf-human conflicts is a necessary condition for the conservation of the Iberian wolf, which is categorised as “near threatened” by the IUCN.

This project focuses on the Iberian wolf’s southernmost distribution area: The central-eastern area of the Sierra Morena mountain range in Andalusia. The wolf population of this area is “unfavourable bad with negative trends”, according to the most recent conservation status assessment under Article 17 of the EU Habitats Directive, with only 42-49 individuals remaining. Here, large private estates are used for game hunting, leading to conflicts of interest between landowners, game wardens and the wolf population.


The main objective of the LIFE SOUTHERN WOLVES project is to improve the coexistence of the Iberian wolf population with key economic activities in Andalusia, thereby improving its conservation status. To this end, the following specific objectives are proposed:

  • Changing the negative perception of some game wardens, game reserve managers and owners in the Sierra Morena area;
  • Raising the awareness of local rural populations of the issues relating to the preservation of the Iberian wolf and promoting a more positive image of the animal. By increasing awareness, in particular among those working in the game and livestock sectors, it is hoped to increase acceptance of the wolf by restoring its former cultural meaning and acceptance;
  • Assessing the attitude of the local population towards the Iberian wolf; and
  • Raising awareness of the added value the Iberian wolf can bring to the rural economy.
  • Expected results: The project expects to achieve the following results:

  • Some 65% of game wardens in Andalusia will take part in training courses on wolf conservation and 60% will sign the “Covenant of the Wolf in Andalusia”, a voluntary code of conduct;
  • At least 60% of landowners within the distribution area of the Iberian wolf will sign the Manifesto for the Iberian Wolf and become members of the “Friends of the Wolf” network;
  • 60% of cattle herders and shepherds within the wolf distribution areas will be involved in project actions;
  • At least 36 local associations will participate in the project and 80% of municipal councils will become members of the Municipal Network for the Iberian wolf;
  • At least 70% of local schools will take part in the project, involving a total of 4 000 pupils;
  • At least 500 citizens will participate in the project and 10 000 will sign the “Covenant of the Wolf in Andalusia”;
  • Benchmarks for the project’s communication activities: publish 200 press releases, organise 5000 visits to a travelling exhibition; and achieve 12 000 visits to the project website;
  • Compilation of proposals from citizens of how to improve human-wolf coexistence; and
  • Development of wolf-related eco-tourism (two signposted trails; training courses for tour operators, rural development groups and local authorities; creation of an inventory of heritage references linked to the Iberian wolf).



Environmental issues addressed:


Species - Mammals
Information - Governance - Improved legislative compliance and enforcement
Information - Governance - Public and Stakeholders participation


endangered species‚  controlled hunting zone‚  environmental education‚  hunting‚  voluntary agreement

Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directiv ...
  • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 ...

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable



Coordinator Consejeria de Medio Ambiente y Ordenacin del Territorio
Type of organisation Regional authority
Description Andalusia’s Ministry of the Environment and Planning (CMAOT) has exclusive responsibility for wildlife, and the delimitation, regulation, management and integrated management of protected natural areas. In particular, CMAOT’s Directorate-General for management of the environment and protected areas includes among its functions the monitoring, protection and conservation of marine and terrestrial habitats.
Partners FEDERACION ANDALUZA DE CAZA, Spain Asociación para la Defensa de la Naturaleza (ADENA), Spain Asociación Empresarial de Criadores y Titulares de Cotos de Caza de Andalucía, Spain Asociación de Propietarios Rurales, Productores de Caza y Conservadores del Medio Natural de Andalucía, Spain Agencia de Medio Ambiente y Agua de Andalucía, Spain Asociación de Pastores por el Monte Mediterraneo, Spain


Project reference LIFE15 GIE/ES/000962
Duration 01-SEP-2016 to 30-JUN -2020
Total budget 1,644,871.00 €
EU contribution 921,352.00 €
Project location Andalucía(España)


Read more:

Project web site Project's webpage


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version