LIFE LINES - Linear Infrastructure Networks with Ecological Solutions

LIFE14 NAT/PT/001081

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Contact details:

Contact person: António Mira
Tel: 351966271051
Fax: 351266740800
Email: amira@uevora.pt

Project description:


There is a good knowledge of the existing fauna and flora in the Portuguese region of Alentejo. However one of the main transport and energy corridors linking Portugal to Spain lies in this region. This puts significant pressure on the area’s wildlife, as the mortality data for the linear infrastructure (roads and power lines) shows. Within this socioeconomic context, stakeholders and public and private bodies have actively participated with universities to solve the environmental problems caused by transport and energy networks. The situation for wildlife could be improved through a coordinated strategy, based on research done at the University of Évora in the field of functional and structural connectivity mapping, which takes into account the movements and habitat use/preferences of target fauna species.


The main objectives of the LIFE LINES project are to evaluate and disseminate practices to mitigate the negative effects that transport and energy infrastructure have on wild fauna, and to simultaneously promote the creation of a demonstrative ‘green Infrastructure’ based on ecological corridors and stepping stones.

Running alongside grey infrastructure e.g. roads, railways and energy networks, the enhanced green infrastructure will improve connectivity and the conservation of local and regional biodiversity. A green infrastructure strategy will be used, for the first time, as a decision-support tool for practical conservation aims.

Expected results: The LIFE LINES project will implement actions and test solutions to make roads, abandoned railways and power lines (medium and high voltage) more sustainable for wildlife, by managing this infrastructure within the ‘green infrastructure’ concept. Specifically, the project is expected to:

  • Increase landscape connectivity in the study area and with surrounding areas, and reduce wildlife mortality caused by grey infrastructure;
  • Create a network of corridors and micro-reserves in the vicinity of linear infrastructure, including road embankments and around utilities’ pylons;
  • Promote practices for the rapid detection and control of invasive alien plant species in grey infrastructure;
  • Create a nursery and seed mixtures of native plants for use in habitat creation, recover of areas invaded by exotic flora, and create biodiverse flora communities within micro-reserves;
  • Create a national wildlife mortality database that can be used as a common platform for all infrastructure operators and nature conservation institutions;
  • Increase people’s awareness of, and get their input on the problem of wildlife mortality from vehicle collisions, through the development of a mobile application (tablet and smartphone);
  • Test the efficiency of new designs of landing deterrents mounted on pylons of medium and high voltage power lines; and
  • Test the efficacy of various ‘self-learning’ machines/ systems for the identification of amphibian and bird roadkill.



Environmental issues addressed:


Biodiversity issues - Ecological coherence
Services & Commerce - Transportation - Storage


animal corridor‚  environmental impact of transport

Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • Directive 92/43 - Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora- Habitats Directiv ...
  • COM(2011) 244 final “Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 ...
  • COM(2013) 249 final “Communication from the Commission on Green Infrastructure (GI) - Enhancing E ...
  • COM(2013) 620 final “Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on t ...

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable



Coordinator Universidade de vora
Type of organisation University
Description The University of Évora (UE) is located in the Portuguese region of Alentejo. It offers 33 courses and 41 post-graduate degrees. Research and Development is organised in several areas through a network of 14 research units, with a common emphasis on sustainable development.
Partners EGSP(EGSP - Energia e Sistemas de Potência Lda), Portugal MARCA(MARCA - Associação de Desenvolvimento Local), Portugal CME(Município de Évora), Portugal IP(Infraestruturas de Portugal, S.A.), Portugal FCUP(Universidade do Porto), Portugal CMMN(Município de Montemor-o-Novo), Portugal UA(Universidade de Aveiro), Portugal


Project reference LIFE14 NAT/PT/001081
Duration 01-AUG-2015 to 31-JUL -2020
Total budget 5,540,485.00 €
EU contribution 3,324,303.00 €
Project location Alentejo(Portugal)


Read more:

Poster "LIFE LINES - Linear Infrastructure Networks with ...
Project web site Project's website
Project web site - 2 Project's Facebook page
Publication: Technical report "LIFE14 NAT/PT/001081 Progress Report: Covering th ...
Slides Presentation "LIFE LINES: Rede de infraestruturas lineares com ...
Slides Presentation "Towards sustainability in Nature Conservation: Au ...
Slides Presentation "Measures to reduce fauna road kills: ledges in cu ...
Slides Presentation "Linear infrastructure networks with ecological so ...
Slides Presentation "Cartography of invasive plants and robotic monito ...
Slides Presentation "LIFE LINES: Rede de infraestruturas lineares com ...
Slides Presentation "LIFE LINES: Rede de infraestruturas lineares com ...
Slides Presentation "LIFE LINES: Linear infrastructure network with ec ...
Slides Presentation "Rede de infraestruturas lineares com soluções eco ...
Slides Presentation "LIFE-LINES: Linear infrastructure network with ec ...
Video link Project video (PT/EN, 5')


Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version