MED-WOLF - Best practice actions for wolf conservation in Mediterranean-type areas

LIFE11 NAT/IT/000069

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Contact details:

Project Manager: Valeria SALVATORI
Tel: +39064403315
Fax: 064403315
Email: valeria.salvatori@gmail.com

Project description:


Wolf populations in Spain, Portugal and Italy face the possibility of local extinction. The Iberian wolf population is c. 2 500 individuals, the largest in Western Europe (and 26% of the total EU population of wolves). The most endangered nucleus is located south of the Duero River – where the population is fragmented and probably does not exceed 200 individuals. Active conservation activities south of the river in both Spain and Portugal are therefore extremely important - both to avoid the local extinction of the wolf population in some areas, and to allow its expansion in others. In the Grosseto Province area, including the Maremma Natural Park, the population appears to be stable (especially on Monte Amiata). But it fluctuates over time, with its size depending on the efficiency of local management measures and the diversity of livestock husbandry methods. A likely estimate of the wolf population, also ranging outside the province territory, could be100-200 individuals. A recent study reported on a high level of conflicts between the presence of wolves and agricultural activities in the area. Therefore, a conservation action in the project area is extremely important as it would contribute to develop good practices for the management of conflicts in the lowland areas of expansion of wolves in central Italy.


There are two main project objectives: to reduce conflicts between the needs of large carnivores and human activities; and to promote the stable presence of wolves in rural areas in Western Mediterranean Europe, by restoring cultural habits that allow coexistence between people and wolves.

Expected results

The main quantified expected results are:
  • A reduction of at least 20% in damage to livestock in the project implementation areas;
  • The use of damage prevention methods by at least 30% of farmers;
  • Increased awareness among livestock owners of the best livestock management techniques for reducing predation; and increased knowledge among the general public and farmers about the problems, conservation issues and buffering measures related to large carnivores;
  • An agreement on common methodologies and criteria enabling efficient trans-boundary monitoring and management of wolves;
  • Provision of adequate training to wardens, vets and other technicians of public bodies about methodologies and techniques for monitoring wolves, and for damage assessment and prevention;
  • Creation of a standardised methodology for monitoring wolves in Portugal, developed by experts from Portugal and Spain; and
  • The establishment of an ‘international damage prevention working group’ and the publication of a regular e-bulletin, “Carnivore Damage Prevention News”.

  • Results


Environmental issues addressed:


Species - Mammals


endangered species‚  conflict of interests‚  nature conservation

Target species

 Canis lupus     

Natura 2000 sites

SCI PTCON0004 Malcata
SCI PTCON0014 Serra da Estrela
SCI PTCON0022 Douro Internacional



Type of organisation NGO-Foundation
Description The Istituto di Ecologia Applicata (IEA) is a privately-owned not-for-profit institute, founded in 1987, with the aim of supporting natural heritage conservation through applied scientific research. Its activities include: conservation; ecology and management of wildlife and habitats; planning and management of protected areas; and environmental education and training. The institute has also been involved in the conservation of large carnivores since 1991. From 1991-2000 it participated in a number of long-term conservation and management projects (concerning brown bears, wolves and lynxes); and has been directly, or indirectly, involved in a number of LIFE Nature projects targeting large carnivores (e.g. the 'COEX' project – LIFE04 NAT/IT/000144).
Partners Provincia di Grosseto - Dipartimento Sviluppo Sostenibile, Italy Grupo Lobo - Associação para Conservação do Lobo e do seu Ecossistema, Portugal Faculdade de Ciencias - Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal Instituto Politecnico de Castelo Branco - Escola Superior Agraria, Italy Instituto Nacional de Recursos Biologicos, Spain Acção, Liberdade, Desenvolvimento, Educação, Investigação, Ambiente (Aldeia), Portugal WWF Italia Onlus, Italy Circolo Festambiente, Italy Confederazione Italiana Agricoltori – Grosseto, Italy Coldiretti Grosseto, Italy Confagricoltura Grosseto, Italy


Project reference LIFE11 NAT/IT/000069
Duration 01-SEP-2012 to 30-NOV -2017
Total budget 3,315,272.00 €
EU contribution 2,486,122.00 €
Project location Toscana(Italia) Centro(Portugal)


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Project description   Environmental issues   Beneficiaries   Administrative data   Read more   Print   PDF version