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S.O.S. SANABRIA - The Development of the sustainable tourism in the Sanabria natural reserve and influence area

LIFE02 ENV/E/000201


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Contact details:

Project Manager: Jesus VILLASANTE CARNERO
Tel: +34 980 626813
Email: oturlago@helcom.es



Project description:

Background

Tourism and the natural environment are closely linked. If they are not properly managed, nature and the biological diversity, as well as the cultural heritage, may become seriously affected by uncontrolled tourist development. The Sixth Environment Action Programme proposes using all existing policies and instruments to avoid unsustainable tourism on the planet. The park of Sanabria, in the province of Zamora in north-western Spain, is a fragile ecosystem dominated by a lagoon. The great ecological and scenic value of the area has made the park a tourist destination of growing importance, thus endangering the balance of its ecosystem. The pressures of tourism have a more significant impact during the summer period, when the increased water consumption destabilises the ecological balance of the lagoon system and aquifers. Other side effects include littering and noise pollution, as well as the heightened risk of forest fires in the summer months.


Objectives

The project sought to analyse the phenomenon of the growing pressure caused by tourism in THE Sanabria Park and to develop low season holiday offers throughout the year to encourage a more even distribution of tourism in the park and its surrounding areas. Therefore, the project aimed to reduce the environmental impacts of tourism in the area, suggesting a tourist model connecting five variables which would steer the project towards the expected results: number of visitors, capital, natural resources, pollution produced, and the portion of capital destined to tourist diversification. The results expected were as follows: •To reduce the number of tourists by 50 %, in the most sensitive parts of the Nature Reserve. •To reduce pollution by 50 %. •To increase employment rates related to the environment and sustainable tourism by 75 %. •To save 40% on investment by saving energy. Repercussions on employment in the area looked positive as it was expected that a large number of jobs would be created related to sustainable tourism and environmental protection: tourist guides, environmental educators, specialised technicians, catering and hotel management specialists, and related services. It was expected that these jobs would be less seasonal than the present ones. Therefore an increase in jobs and a reduction in their seasonal nature would have a positive effect on the area, particularly with respect to an increase in income, and the rejuvenation and stabilisation of the resident population.


Results

Problems among the project's partners and in the execution of the project lead to a decision by the Commission to terminate the project on 20 December 2003. All the activities were cancelled on that date and none of them were entirely completed because the project was to have finished on 1 March 2005.


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Environmental issues addressed:

Themes

Services & Commerce - Tourism and Accommodation
Land-use & Planning - Sensitive and protected areas management


Keywords

environmental impact of tourism‚  protected area


Target EU Legislation

  • Nature protection and Biodiversity
  • COM(98)42 -"Communication on a European Community Biodiversity Strategy" (05.02.1998)
  • COM(2001)162 -"Biodiversity Action Plan for the conservation of natural resources (vol. I & II)" ...

Natura 2000 sites

Not applicable


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Beneficiaries:

Coordinator ASOCIACION
Type of organisation Development agency
Description The beneficiary is the “Asociación La Voz de Sanabria, Carballeda y los Valles de Benavente”, a local development agency.
Partners CONFEDERAZIONE ITALIANA AGRICULTORI TOSCANA AYTO. DE SAN JUSTO AYTO DE REQUEJO AYTO. DE TREFACIO SYNDICAT MIXTE DU PARC NATURAL REGIONAL PERIGORD-LIMOUSIN AYTO. DE COBREROS AYTO DE PORTO PARQUE NACIONAL DE PEREDA-GERES Corane- ASSOCIAÇAO DE DESENVOLVIMENTO DOS CONCELHOS DA RAIA NORDESTINA AGRUPACION PARA EL DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE Y LA PROMOCION DEL EMPLEO RURAL AYTO. DE GALENDE

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Project reference LIFE02 ENV/E/000201
Duration 01-SEP-2002 to 01-MAR -2005
Total budget 507,650.00 €
EU contribution 203,060.00 €
Project location Castilla-León(España) Limousin(France) Toscana(Italia) Norte(Portugal)

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