The SEA procedure is comparable to the EIA process.
The screening of plans is done at the drafting stage in order to determine whether a SEA is required for the project or plan. The environmental authorities’ opinion is often binding.
This stage concerns the question of which issues should be addressed in the environmental report (Article 5 of the SEA Directive) and the assessment of reasonable alternatives. Annex I of the SEA Directive specifies the information to be contained in the environmental report. The report contains a non-technical summary in order to provide assistance for non-specialists in understanding the content and implications of the report. The Member States are obliged to ensure that environmental reports are of a sufficient quality. The environmental authorities’ opinion is also often binding.
Developed by the Academy of European Law (ERA)