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Training package on National Judges and the EU Aarhus Acquis - Focus on Access to Justice

Module 5: The role of the national judge in the European Judicial System and the Procedures of the European Court of Justice (CJEU)

Procedures in the Court of Justice: Introduction

There are three main procedures at the Court of Justice:

Only the preliminary reference procedure provides for a role for domestic judges. In practice, infringement proceedings can also have a major influence on the outcome of domestic proceedings, in particular as regards environmental law. In contrast, (other) direct actions are only rarely of interest to a domestic judge.


Developed by the Academy of European Law (ERA)