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Training package on EU Environmental Assessment Law – Focus on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directives

Module 4: The role of the national judge in the European Judicial System and the Procedures of the European Court of Justice (CJEU)

Procedures in the Court of Justice: Introduction

There are three main procedures at the Court of Justice:

Only the preliminary reference procedure provides for a role for domestic judges. In practice, infringement proceedings can also have a major influence on the outcome of domestic proceedings, in particular as regards environmental law. In contrast, (other) direct actions are only rarely of interest to a domestic judge.


Developed by the Academy of European Law (ERA)