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ICZM Bibliography

  • Coastal Policy & Management
  • Country Specific
  • Commission of the European Communities (CEC) Documents
  • Coastal Science
  • Coastal Technology

  • Coastal Policy & Management:

    ACOPS, (n.d.). Development and Implementation of Economic Instruments for the Protection of the Marine and Coastal Environment by Local Governments, ACOPS charter.

    Archer, J., (1988). Coastal Management in the United States: A Selective Review and Summary. Narragansett, RI, Coastal Resources Center.

    Ballinger, R., H. Smith, et al. (1994). The Management of the Coastal Zone of Europe. Ocean and Coastal Management 22: 45-85

    Barrangán Muñoz, J. M.(1997). Medio ambiente y desarrollo en las áreas litorales: Guia práctica para la planificación y gestión integradas. Barcelona, OIKOS-TAU, 160 pp.

    Beatley, T., Brower, T., et al. (1994). An Introduction to Coastal Zone Management. Washington, D.C, Island Press.

    Bijvoet, L., Strating, K., Roos, H., (1991). European Coastal Conference, proceedings, Scheveningen (The Hague), The Netherlands, 19-21 November 1991, EUCC, Leiden & Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management & Fisheries, The Hague.

    Boelaert-Suominen, S. and Cullinan, C., (1994). Legal and Institutional Aspects of Integrated Coastal Area Management in National Legislation, FAO.

    Born, S. and Miller, A., (1988). Assessing Networked Coastal Zone Management Programmes. Coastal Management 16: 229-243.

    Brady, Shipman, Martin, (1997). Coastal Zone Management, a draft policy for Ireland - Discussion document. Government of Ireland.

    Bryant, D., E. Rodenburg, et al., (1996). Coastlines at Risk. An Index of Potential Development-Related Threats to Coastal Systems. Washington, D.C., WRI.

    Burbridge, P., (1998). A Generic Framework for Measuring Success in Integrated Coastal Management. Ocean and Coastal Management 37(2): 175-190.

    Cheltenham Countryside Commission, (1992). European Workshop on Coastal Zone Management. Held in Poole, Dorset 21-27 April 1991.

    Christie, P. and White A.T., (1997). Trends in Development of Coastal Area Management in Tropical Countries: From Central to Community Organisation. Coastal Management 25: 155-181.

    Chua, T., (1993). Essential Elements of Integrated Coastal Management. Ocean and Coastal Management 21 (1-3)

    Cican-Sain, B., (1993). Sustainable Development and Integrated Coastal Management. Ocean and Coastal Management 21(1-3): 11-44.

    Cican-Sain, B., (1998). Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management: Concepts and Practices. Washington, D.C, Island Press.

    Clark, J., (1992). Integrated Management of Coastal Zones, FAO.

    Clark, J., (1995). Coastal Zone Management Handbook. New York, Lewis Publishers.

    Clark, J., (1998). Coastal Seas. Blackwell Science.

    Clark, J., (1998). Coastal Zone Planning for the New Century. Ocean and Coastal Management 37(2): 191-216.

    Coastal Zone Management Act, (1994). Untitled Unites States Code. Title 16: Conservation; Chapter 33: Coastal Zone Management; Section 1453: Definitions.

    Coccossis, H., (1997). Integrated Coastal Area and River Basin Management. ICARM Technical Reports Series No. 1. UNEP, Priorities Action programme.

    Council of Europe, (1991). (Special on the Coast). Naturopa No 67. Council of Europe, Strasbourg

    Council of Europe, (1998). Coastal zones - towards sustainable management. Naturopa , No 88. Council of Europe, Strasbourg.

    Davos, C.A., Side, J.C., Jones, P.J.S., Siakavara, K., La Roca, F., Garcia, E., Burone, F. and Kerkhove, G. (1997). The role of Value Conflict Assessment Techniques (VALCOAST) in the formulation of implementable and effective Coastal Zone Management policies. A Report to the European Commission (DG XII-D5). Volume 1 - Main Report of the Study. Volume 2 - Appendices: (1) Case Study Reports; (2) The Research Instrument. See for further information.

    Drees, J.M., (1997). Coastal Dunes, Recreation and Planning. Proceedings of European Seminar, Castricum, The Netherlands, EUCC, Leiden

    Garcia Nova, F., Crawford, R.M.M., Diaz Barradas, (1997). The ecology and conservation of European dunes (“Sevilla Procedings”). Universidad de Sevilla, Spain.

    GESAMP, (1996). The Contributions of Science to Coastal Zone Management. Rep. Stud. GESAMP, IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/WMO/WHO/IAEA/UN/UNEP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection. 61: 66.

    Gibson, J., (1993). Coastal Zone Planning Law. Marine Policy 17(2): 118-129.

    Goldberg, E.D., (1994). Coastal Zone Space - Prelude to Conflict? IOC Ocean Forum I, UNESCO Publishing, Paris, France, 138 pp.

    Gudelis, V., Povilanskas, R. Roepstorff, A., (1995). Coastal Conservation and Management in the Baltic Region. Proceedings EUCC - WWF Conference, 3-7 May 1994, Riga - Klaipeda - Kaliningrad, EUCC Baltic Office.

    Haward, M., (1995). Institutional design and policy making ‘down under’: developments in Australian and New Zealand coastal management. Ocean & Coastal Management 26: 87-117.

    Healy M.G. and Doody, J.P. (eds), (1995). Directions in European coastal management. EUCC, Samara Publishing, Cardigan.

    Huggett, D.J. (1998) The Role of Federal Government Intervention in Coastal Zone Planning and Management. Ocean and Coastal Management 39: 33-50.

    IWICM, (1996). Enhancing the Success of Integrated Coastal Management in Tropical Developing Countries: Good Practices in the Formulation, Design, and Implementation of Integrated Coastal Management Initiatives. Report of the International Workshop on Integrated Coastal Management in Tropical Developing Countries: Lessons Learned From Successes and Failures, Xiamen, China, May 1996. Quezon City, Philippines, GEF/UNDP/IMO Regional Programme for the Prevention and Management of Marine Pollution in the East Asian Seas and Coastal management Center.

    Jeftic, L., Milliman, J., Sestini, G., (eds), (1992). Climate Change and the Mediterranean—Environmental and Societal Impacts of Climatic Change and Sea-Level Rise in the Mediterranean Region. Edward Arnold, London, UK, xii+673 pp.

    Jones, P.S., Healy M.G. and Williams, A.T. (eds), (1996). Studies in European Coastal Management. EUCC, Samara Publishing, Cardigan.

    Kay, R. and Lester, C., (1997). Benchmarking the Future Direction for Coastal Management in Australia. Coastal Management 25(3): 265-292.

    Kay, R. and Alder J., (1999). Coastal Planning and Management. E & FN Spon.

    Kenchington, R. and Crawford, D., (1993). On the Meaning of Integration in Coastal Zone Management. Ocean and Coastal Management 21(1-3): 109-128.

    Kildow, J., (1997). The Roots and Context of the Coastal Zone Movement. Coastal Management 25(3): 231-263.

    Knecht, R., Cican-Sain, B., et al., (1996). Perceptions of the Performance of State Coastal Zone Management Programs in the United States. Coastal Management 24: 141-163.

    Leafe, R., Pethick, J., Townend, I., (1998). Realising the benefits of shoreline management. The Geographical Journal, 164(3), 282–290.

    Lefebvre, C., (1998). Coastal Conservation Policy - Guidelines for Political Actors, Programme 1998-2000. IUCN, Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy Coastal Working Group.

    METAP, (1997). Assessment of Integrated Coastal Area Assessment Initiaives in the Mediterranean: Experiences from METAP and MAP (1988-1996). Split, Croatia, PAP.

    Mullard, S., (1995). Towards an EU Strategy for Integrated Coastal Zone Management. European Environmental Law Review 4(January): 16-20.

    National Research Council (NRC), (1995). Science, Policy and the Coast: Improving Decisionmaking. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 85 pp.

    Olsen, S.B., (1993). A Learning Approach to the Management of Coastal Ecosystems: Lessons from High and Low Income Nations. Preparing to Meet the Challenges for the 21st Century: Proceedings of the World Coast Conference, Netherlands.

    Olsen, S., (1993). Will Integrated Coastal Management Programs be Sustainable; the Constituency Problem. Ocean and Coastal Management 21(1-3): 201-226.

    Olsen, S., Tobey, J., et al., (1998). A Common Framework for Learning from ICM Experience. Ocean and Coastal Management 37(2): 155-174.

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), (1992). Recommendation of the Council on Integrated Coastal Zone Management, OECD.

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), (1993). Coastal Zone Management : Integrated policies, OECD, Paris.

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), (1993). Coastal Zone Management. Selected case studies, OECD, Paris.

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), (1995). Guidelines for Aid Agencies on Global and Regional Aspects of the Development and Protection of the Marine And Coastal Environment. OECD Development Assistance Committee, Guidelines on Aid and Environment, No. 1, 51 pp.

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), (1997). Integrated Coastal Zone Management: Review of Progress in Selected OECD Countries, OECD, Paris.

    Penning-Rowsell, E., (1997). A General Model for Promoting the Integration of National Natural Resources Management. GeoJournal, v. 43, n. 3, pp. 247-262.

    Pernetta, J., and Elder, D., (1993). Cross-sectoral, Integrated Coastal Planning: Guidelines and Principles for Coastal Area Development. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN.

    Pilarcyzk, K.W. (ed), (1990). Coastal Protection. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 500 pp.

    Post, J. and Lundin, G. (eds), (1996). Guidelines for Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies and Monographs Series. Washington, D.C., The World Bank.

    Rigg, K., Salman, A., et al., (1997). Threats and opportunities in the coastal areas of the European Union: A scoping study. The Netherlands, Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment.

    RIKZ. 1998. Report of the Transdisciplinary Euroconference on Coastal Management Research, San Feliu de Guixols, Spain, 6-10 December 1997. RIKZ, 100pp.

    Salman, A., Berends H., Bonazountas M. (eds), (1995). Coastal management and habitat conservation. Vol. I: Proceedings of the 4th EUCC Congress, Marathon, Greece, April, 1993. EUCC, Leiden.

    Salman, A., Langeveld, M.J., Bonazountas M. (eds), (1996). Coastal management and habitat conservation. Vol. II: Proceedings of the 4th EUCC Congress, Marathon, Greece, April, 1993. EUCC, Leiden.

    Scura, L., Chua, T.E., et al., (1992). Lessons for Integrated Coastal Zone Management: The ASEAN Experience. Integrative framework and methods for coastal area management. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 37. T.E. Chua and L. Scura: 169.

    Sorensen, J. and McCreary, S., (1990). Institutional Arrangements for Managing Coastal Resources and Environments, National Park Service, US Department of the Interior & USAID.

    Sorensen, J., (1993). The International Proliferation of Integrated Coastal Zone Management Efforts. Ocean and Coastal Management 21(1-3): 45-80.

    Sorensen, J., (1997). National and International Efforts at Integrated Coastal Management: Definitions, Achievement, and Lessons. Coastal Management 25: 3-41.

    Steers, A.J., (1969). Protection of coastal areas. European Information Centre for Nature Conservation, Strasbourg.

    Suman, D., (1997). The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary: A Case Study of an Innovative Federal-State Partnership in Marine Resource Management. Coastal Management. Vol. 25, No. 3, PP. 293-324.

    Symes, D. (1998) The Integration of Fisheries Management and Marine Wildlife Conservation. JNCC Report No. 287. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.

    Tol, R., Klein, R., Jansen, H., Verbruggen, H., (1996). Some economic considerations on the importance of pro-active integrated coastal zone management. Ocean & Coastal Management, v. 32, n. 1, pp.39-55.

    Turner, R.K. and Adger, W.N., (1996). Coastal Zone Resources Assessment Guidelines. LOICZ Reports and Studies No. 4, IGBP/LOICZ, Texel, The Netherlands, iv+101 pp.

    Turner, R.K., Adger, W.N., Lorenzoni, I., (1998). Towards Integrated Modelling and Analysis in Coastal Zones: Principles and Practices. LOICZ Reports and Studies No. 11, IGBP/LOICZ, Texel, The Netherlands, iii+122 pp.

    UNEP, (1995). Guidelines for Integrated Management of Coastal and Marine Areas - with special reference to the Mediterranean Basin. Split, Croatia, PAP/RAC.

    UNEP, (1996). Guidelines for Integrated Planning Management of Coastal and Marine Areas in the Wider Caribbean Region. UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme, Kingston, Jamaica. 141 pp.

    UNEP, (1997). Coastal Tourism in the Wider Caribbean Region: Impacts and Best Management Practices. CEP Technical Report No. 38. UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme, Kingston, Jamaica. 84 pp.

    UNESCO, (1993). Coasts - managing complex systems. Environment Development Briefs.

    UNESCO, (1997). Methodological Guide to Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Manuals and Guides, no. 36.

    Uljee I., Engelen G., White R., (1996). RamCo -Demo Guide - Version 1.0. Work-document CZM-C 96.08, Coastal Zone Management Centre, The Netherlands, pp. 63.

    Vallega, A., (1992). Sea Management - A Theoretical Approach. Elsevier Applied Science, pp. 259.

    Vallega, A., (1999). Fundamentals of Integrated Coastal Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 264.

    Van der Meulen, F., and de Haes, U., (1996). Nature Conservation and Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Europe: Present and Future. Landscape and Urban Planning 34: 401-410.

    Van der Meulen, F., Jungerius, P.D., Visser, J. (eds), (1989). Perspectives in Coastal Dune Management. The Hague: SPB Academic Publishing.

    Van der Wiede, J., (1993). A Systems View of Integrated Coastal Management. Ocean and Coastal Management 21(1-3): 129-148.

    Von Alt, C., De Luca, M.P., Glenn, S.M., Grassle, J.F., Haidvogel, D.B., (1997). LEO-15: Monitoring & Managing Coastal Resources. Sea Technology, v. 38, n. 8, pp. 10-16.

    Welp, M. (1999) Defining integrated coastal zone management for the Baltic Sea Region. In Hedegaard, L. & Lindström, B. (eds.) The NEBI Yearbook 1999: North European and Baltic Sea Integration. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 491 p. 101-119 (ISBN 3-540-66407-6).

    Welp, M. (2000) Planning practice on three Island biosphere reserves in Estonia, Finland and Germany: a comparative study. INSULA (International Scientific Council for Island Development), UNESCO-MAB, Paris. 254 p. (ISBN: 84-923966-6-0).

    World Coast 2000, (1993). Preparing to meet the coastal challenges of the 21st century. Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 5th November 1993.

    Country Specific:


    Tekke, R.M.H., (1996). Management of Coastal Lagoons in Albania. Proceedings of an International Seminar, Tirana, 29th May – 4th June 1994. EUCC, Leiden.


    Anker, H., Nelleman, V., et al., (1998). Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Denmark - Ways and Means for Further Integration. "Preparing the Future" The European Spatial Development Perspective and the Demonstration Programme on Integrated Coastal Management, October 1998, Göteborg, Sweden.

    Ministry of Environment and Energy, (1997). Spatial Planning in the Coastal Zone of Denmark. Copenhagen, Denmark, Ministry of Environment and Energy, Spatial Planning Department.

    Ovesen, C.L and Vestergaard, P. (eds), (1992). Danish dunes - monitoring, management and research. Report from a seminar in Northern Jutland, 25th – 27th May 1992. Ministry of the Environment, the National Forest and Nature Agency, Copenhagen.

    Ovesen, C.L., (1998). Coastal Dunes - management, protection and research. EUCC Seminar, 19th-22nd August 1997, Skagen, Denmark. National Forest and nature Agency and the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland.

    Worm, K., (1998). Coastal Zone Planning in Denmark. Ocean and Coastal Management 37(2): 253- 268.


    Bonnot, Y., (1994). Pour une Politique Globale et Coherente du Littoral en France.

    Guillot, S. and Rousseau, M., (1998). Recensement des constraintes juridiques et outils de gestion qui interviennent dans le perimetre du programme TERRA-Symphonie: Problematiques en cours, Conseil General de la Gironde.


    BSM, (1997). Coastal Zone Management: A Draft Policy for Ireland. Dublin, Government of Ireland.

    Marine Institute, (1996). Towards a Marine Policy for Ireland. Dublin, Marine Institute.


    Capobianco, M. and Furlanetto, L., (1996). Impact of Climatic Change on Po Delta. The Normative Aspects Regulating Land Use and Socio-Economic Changes. MEDDALT Final Workshop, Venezia, Italy, October 2-6.

    Cencini, C., Marchi, M., Torresani, S., Varani, L., (1988). The impact of tourism on Italian deltic coastlands: four case studies. Ocean & Shoreline Management, 11, 353-374.

    Cencini, C. and Varani, L., (1989). Degradation of coastal dune systems through anthropogenic action. In Coastlines of Italy. Ed. Paolo Fabri. American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, 55-69.


    Keokebakker, P. and Peet, G., (1987). Coastal Zone Planning and Management in the Netherlands. Coastal Management 15: 121-134.

    Van Alphen, J., (1995). The Voordelta Integrated Policy Plan: Administrative Aspects of Coastal Zone Management in the Netherlands. Ocean and Coastal Management 26(2): 133-150.

    Van Dijk, H., (1994). Integrated Management and Conservation of Dutch Coastal Areas: Premises, Practice and Solutions. Marine Pollution Bulletin 29(6-12): 609-616.

    Verhagen, H.J., (1989). Sand waves along the Dutch coast. Coastal Engineering, v. 13, n. 2, pp. 129-147.


    Bennett, R., (1996). Challenges in Norwegian Coastal Zone Planning. Geojournal 39(2): 153-165.


    Ferreira Marques, J., (1991). Portugal. Naturopa 67: 22-23.


    Barragan-Munoz, J., (n.d.). Planning and Management in the Coastal Zone in Spain. Coastline: 28-30.

    Montoya, F., (1991). An Administrative Regulation Pattern of Coastal Management for Mediterranean Sea: Spanish Shores Act 1988. Marine Pollution Bulletin 23: 769-771.


    Ackerfors, H. and Grip, K., (1995). The Swedish Model for Coastal Zone Management. Stockholm, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.

    United Kingdom

    Ballinger, R., (1997). Coastal Management in Wales: Looking to the Future. Cardiff, University of Wales, Countryside Council for Wales.

    Bayliss R., et al, (1998). Participation Techniques in Coastal Zone Management - Case Study of Dorset, Devon and Cornwall.

    Countryside Council for Wales, (1996). Seas, Shores and Coastal Areas: Maritime Policy. Bangor, Countryside Council for Wales.

    Department of the Environment, (1992). Coastal zone protection and planning: the Government’s response to the second report from the House of Commons Select Committee on the Environment, Cm 2011, London: HMSO.

    Department of the Environment, (1993). Development Below Low Water Mark: A Review of Legislation in England and Wales. UK, Department of the Environment and Welsh Office.

    Department of the Environment, (1995). Policy Guidelines for the Coast. UK, Department of the Environment.

    Department of the Environment, (1996). Coastal Zone Management - Towards Best Practice. UK, Department of the Environment.

    Edwards, S.D., Jones, P.J.S. and Nowell, D.E. (1997). Participation in coastal zone management initiatives: a review and analysis of examples from the UK. Ocean and Coastal Management 36(1-3), pp 143-165 See for abstract.

    Environment Service, (1995). Delivering Coastal Management in Northern Ireland: A Consultation Paper. Belfast, Northern Ireland, Environment Service.

    House of Commons Environment Committee, (1992). Coastal zone protection and planning, Second Report, HC (1991-92) 17, London: HMSO.

    Jemmett, A, K. Keneddy, D. Maters, & R. Witt. (1999). Towards Sustainable Estuary Management. English Nature Research Reports No. 329, English Nature, Peterborough.

    Lee, E., (1993). Coastal Planning and Management: A Review prepared by Rendel Geotechnics for the Department of the Environment. London, HMSO.

    Local Government Management Board (LGMB-UK), (1995). ‘Community Participation’, and ‘Action on the Coast’.

    Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF), Welsh Office, Association of District Councils, English Nature, and National Rivers Authority, (1995). Shoreline Management Plans—A Guide for Coastal Defence Authorities. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 24 pp.

    Steers, J.A., (1973). The coastline of Scotland. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

    Steers, J.A., (1969). The coastline of England and Wales. 2nd ed. Cambridge. At the University Press.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC) Documents:

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), DG XII, MAST and IOC/IODE, (1993). Manual of Quality Control Procedures for validation of Oceanographic Data. UNESCO Manual and Guides n. 26, 436 pp.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), (1995). An Energy Policy for the European Union, White Paper. (COM-95-682). 47 pp.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), (1995). (COM-95-511) Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the Integrated Management of Coastal Zones. 35 pp.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), (1996). COM (96) 511 final, Brussels, 4.12.1996.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), (1996). Communication from the Commission - Energy for the Future: Renewable Sources of Energy. Green Paper for a Community Strategy, (COM-96-576). 48 pp.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), DGXVII, (1996). European Energy to 2020: a Scenario Approach. 120 pp.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), DGXIII, (1996). Towards a European Policy Framework for Geographic Information - A Working Document. November, 1996.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), DGXVI, (1997). European Spatial Development Perspective – First Official Draft. 72 pp.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), (1998). Amended Proposal for a Council Directive establishing a framework for Community action in the field of Water Policy, (COM-98-76-final). 57 pp.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), (1998). Communication from the Commission to the European Council. Partnership for Integration - A Strategy for Integrating Environment into European Union Policies. 10 pp.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), (1998). Communication from the Commission to the European Council. The Future for the Market in Fisheries Products in the European Union: Responsibility, Partnership and Competitiveness. 22 pp.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), (1999). Towards a European Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Strategy - General Principles and Policy Options, CEC, Luxembourg.

    Commission of the European Communities (CEC), (1999). Lessons from the European Commission's Demonstration Programme on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), CEC, Luxembourg.

    CORINE. (1998) Coastal Erosion Database. CEC, Luxembourg, 79pp plus maps.

    Eurostat (1999). Towards Environmental Pressure Indicators for the EU. CEC, Luxembourg, 181pp

    Coastal Science:

    Barnes, R.S.K. (ed), (1977). The coastline. John Wiley & Sons, London.

    Bird, E.C.F., (1984). Coasts - an introduction to coastal geomorphology. 3rd Edition, Basil Blackwell.

    Bird, E.C.F. and Schwartz, M.L., (eds). (1985). The Worlds coastlines. Van Nortrand Rheinhold, New York.

    Boesch, D.F., Josselyn, M.N., et al., (1994). Scientific assessment of coastal wetland loss, restoration and management in Louisiana. Journal of Coastal Research, special issue #20.

    Bolsius, E.C.A., Clark, G., Groenendijk, J.G. (eds), (1993). The Retreat. Rural Land-use and European Agriculture. Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Amsterdam, pp. 170.

    Bondesan, M., Castiglioni, G.B., et al., (1995). Coastal Areas at Risk from Storm Surges and Sea-level Rise in Northeastern Italy. J. of Coastal Research, v. 11, n. 4, pp. 1354-1379.

    Capobianco, M., (1998). Predictability for Long-term Coastal Evolution - Handling the Limiting Factors. In Proc. 3rd Marine Science and Technology Conf., 23-27 May, Lisbon, Portugual.

    Carter, R.W.G., (1988). Coastal environments. An introduction to the physical, ecological and cultural systems of coastlines. Academic Press, London.

    Carter, R.W.G., Curtis, T.G.F., Sheehy-Skeffington, M.J., (eds), (1992). Coastal Dunes. Geomorphology, ecology and management for conservation. Proceedings of the third European dune congress Galway, Ireland, 17-21 June 1991. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

    Carter, R.W.G. and Woodroffe, C.D., (1994). Coastal Evolution - Late Quaternary shoreline morphodynamics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    Chapman, V.J., (1976). Coastal vegetation. 2nd ed. Oxford, Pergamon.

    Garbuglia, E., Berti, D., Capobianco, M., (1994). Marine Science: Prospective and Technological Needs for the year 2000 and Beyond. Oceanology International '94, Brighton, U.K., March 8-11.

    GESAMP, (1996). The Contributions of Science to Coastal Zone Management. Rep. Stud. GESAMP, IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/WMO/WHO/IAEA/UN/UNEP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection. 61: 66.

    Larson, R., Morang, A., Gorman, L., (1997). Monitoring the coastal environment; part II: sediment sampling and geotechnical methods. Journal of Coastal Research, v. 13, n.2, pp. 308–330.

    Mayer, T. and d'Ozouville, L., (1998). Europe's Grand Challenge: Achieving Coordination in Marine Research. Ocean Challenge 8(2): 20-21.

    Mitsch, W.J. and Reeder, B.C., (1991). Modelling nutrient retention of a freshwater coastal wetland: estimating the roles of primary productivity, sedimentation, resuspension and hydrology. Ecological Modelling 54, pp. 151-187.

    Mitsch, W.J. and Gosselink, J.G., (1993). Wetlands. 2nd Edition. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

    Morang, A., Larson, R., Gorman, L., (1997). Monitoring the Coastal Environment; Part I: Waves and Currents. Journal of Coastal Research, v. 13, n. 1, pp. 111-133.

    Morang, A., Larson, R., Gorman, L., (1997). Monitoring the coastal environment; Part III: geophysical and research methods. Journal of Coastal Research, v. 13, n. 4, pp. 1064–1085.

    Nordstrom, K.F., (1992). Estuarine beaches. Elsivier Applied Science, London.

    Nordstrom, K.F. and Roman, C.T., (1996). Estuarine Shores - Evolution, Environments and Human Activities. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

    Odum, H.T., (1983, 1993). Systems Ecology (reprinted as Ecological and General Systems). Univ. Press of Colorado, Niwot, CO, 644 pp.

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), (1997). The Evaluation of Scientific Research: Selected Experiences Report, OCDE/GD(97)194. 112 pp.

    Science and Technology Awareness Network (STAN), (1998). Planning and Implementing Science Awareness Activities. Centre for Marine Geology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada, 90 pp.

    Steers, J.A., (1969). The sea coast. 4th ed. London, Collins. New Naturalist Series No. 25.

    Verrone, (1996). Sea level in the Mediterranean: a first step towards separating crustal movements and absolute sea-level variations. Global and Planetary Change, v. 14, n. 1–2, pp. 1-48.

    Woods H., Dahlin L., Droppert M., Glass S., Vallerga S., Flemming N.C., (1996). The Strategy for EuroGOOS. EuroGOOS Pub. No. 1, Southampton Oceanography Center, Southampton.

    Coastal Technology:

    Aarninkhof, S.G.J. and Holman, R.A., (1999). Argus video-based monitoring of the nearshore zone: A tool for both nearshore science and coastal zone management. In: Backscatter, The magazine of aquatic remote sensing. V. 10, N. 2, May 1999. The Alliance for marine remote sensing (AMRS), Bedford, Nova Scotia, Canada [in press].

    ACRI, CARMEL, GKSS, MARNET, MEDIAS, CLS, EUROCOAST, (1995). Collect User Requirements from an Experimental User Community on Coastal Zone. Final Report, CEO Pathfinder Study on Coastal Zone, DGXII-JCR, 152 pp. +Ann.

    Atkinson, J.F., Gupta, S.K., DePinto, J.V., Rumer, R.R., (1998). Linking Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Models with Different Scales, Journal of Environmental Engineering, v. 124, n. 5, pp. 399-408.

    Atturio, J.M. (ed), (1997). State of Technology Report-Ocean and Coastal Engineering Division, MTS Journal, v. 31, n.2, pp. 36–49.

    Banks, R. and James, C., (1998). Fisheries Offences - The Rationale, The Perspectives and Control Options, EEZ Technology, ICG Publishing n. 3, London, pp. 193-199

    Bauer, B.O., Davidson-Arnott, G.D., Nordstrom, K.F., Ollerhead, J., Jackson, N.L., (1996). Indeterminacy in Aeolian Sediment Transport Across Beaches. J. of Coastal Research, v. 12, n. 3, pp. 641-653.

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