Oslo, the capital of Norway, is a fast growing city and home to 624,000 inhabitants. By 2030, the population is expected to rise by a further 200,000 inhabitants. The city centre is surrounded by hills and the Oslo Fjord, and has a number of major national roads passing through it.
Over a long period, Oslo has successfully reduced greenhouse gas emissions and has developed a comprehensive monitoring system operated by the City of Oslo and “OsloGoGreen”.
The city aims to reduce 50% emissions compared to 1991 and it hopes to be a carbon neutral city by 2050.
These targets are supported by integrated strategies and simple concepts such as engaging citizens and business and using the city administration as a role model of green governance.
Currently, Oslo has more electric cars per capita than any other city in the world and in 2014 will convert 50% of street parking spaces to charging points.
Oslo aims to make public transport fossil-free by 2020, by using biogas and electricity and municipal vehicles respecting the latest Euro V emission standards. It also aims to make the municipal car fleet emission-free by 2015.
Between 2005 and 2012 the car share of traffic in the city has decreased (from 45% to 35% share) and public transport has increased (from 20% to 30% share).
Eco-innovation and sustainable employment
Oslo strives to be a leader in eco-innovation and sustainable employment. The city commits to sharing its experience and aims to become a main supplier of environmental solutions and to exploit the green market. It is also aims to be very active through schools/universities and awareness-raising, by involving young people in work on eco-innovation, monitoring and greening the city.
Securing financing has enabled a range of initiatives to be in place to promote eco-innovation and green jobs: the Business for Climate initiative is one good example. The Oslo initiative ‘leading by example’ is another way of sharing the solutions and best practices adopted by the city