The Environmental Implementation Review (EIR) is a tool to improve implementation of EU environmental law and policy. It aims to address the causes of implementation gaps and try to find solutions before problems become urgent.
The EIR is a two-yearly cycle of analysis, dialogue and collaboration, with publication of country reports and discussions between the European Commission, EU Member States and stakeholders.
Country reports are drafted every two years focusing on essential topics in the area of environmental policy and law in each EU Member State. They are published along with a summary that sets out common trends, recommendations and political conclusions.
TAIEX-EIR PEER 2 PEER is designed to share expertise between national, regional and local public authorities in charge of implementing EU environmental law and policy within the EU Member States.
A joint expert group meets twice per year to discuss progress on the Environmental Implementation Review and on greening the European Semester.
Poor implementation of environmental law and policies has many negative effects, such as the environmental, economic and social costs, unequal playing level field for economic operators, and the loss of credibility of both national authorities and the EU.
The Environmental Implementation Review (EIR), announced in 2016 (COM(2016) 316 final), is a tool to help deliver the benefits of EU environmental law and policies for businesses and citizens through better implementation. It aims to address the causes of implementation gaps and find solutions before problems become urgent and reach the stage of infringements.
On 4 April 2019, the European Commission adopted the second EIR package. The first package was adopted on 3 February 2017. The 2019 package consists of 28 country reports which map progress since 2017 and contain priority actions for each Member State; a Communication identifying common challenges across countries. The priority actions for all EU Member States are presented in an Annex.
Full implementation of EU environmental legislation could save the EU economy around €55 billion every year in health costs and direct costs to the environment.
The EIR initiative is in line with the Commission's Better Regulation policy, which includes improving implementation of existing legislation and policies and it's linked to the process of Greening the European Semester. The EIR fits in with a series of activities for improving the implementation of environmental legislation.
You can send any comments, questions or information of relevance (such as reports, projects, etc.) to ENV-EIR@ec.europa.eu
Best Practices from the Environmental Implementation Review 2019 across the EU 28 Countries – Report by the Irish Environmental Protection Agency (2019)
The European Environmental Bureau has an ongoing LIFE project supporting the EIR.
13/06/19: National dialogue on Clean and climate neutral future: EU’s long-term vision and implementation of environmental policy, Tallinn, Estonia. Report
23/05/2018: EIR country dialogue Finland, Helsinki
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