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Case Studies from Session 4: Energy and air quality ConverStations

1. Brenner Lower Emission Corridor (LIFE project)

General description:
BrennerLEC aims at creating a holistic Lower Emission Corridor (LEC) concept for the A22 motorway (Italy). It tests a set of dynamic policies, such as road capacity management, reducing speed limits in correspondence with intense traffic flows, and temporarily introducing an additional third lane during nearly saturated traffic conditions; speed limits management, applied to light vehicles as a function of the current and predicted air quality conditions; and integrated traffic management, in correspondence with urban areas, to guide road users on recommended routes. The impacts are assessed through monitoring environment, transport and social acceptance of the measures.
The project was approved by the European Commission on 3 March 2016, started in September 2016, and will end in April 2021. The overall project budget amounts to EUR4 million and is co-financed by the EU funds of the LIFE Programme (Environment) for a total amount of EUR1.9 million.
Partners: Autostrada del Brennero (Project Leader); Regional Environmental Protection Agency, Province of Bolzano; Regional Environmental Protection Agency, Province of Trento; University of Trento; IDM South Tyrol; CISMA S.r.l
Website: www.brennerlec.life

2. SIGEIF Mobilités — Developing a broad network of natural gas vehicle (NGV) refuelling stations in the Paris region

General description:
SIGEIF Mobilités is a French project created in 2016 that aims at developing a broad network of natural gas vehicle (NGV) refuelling stations in the Paris region by 2020.

By choosing to take part in the project, GRTgaz (the public service company is one of the European leaders of natural gas transmission and a world expert of gas transmission networks and systems) is showing their deep conviction that a fuel alternative, such as NGVs, can help to reduce CO2 emissions in the transport sector, namely in urban environments.

Partners: Le Syndicat intercommunal pour le gaz et l'electricité en Île-de-France (Sigeif), Caisse des Dépôts, Syctom (household waste agency) and SIAAP
Supportive document: https://www.gaz-mobilite.fr/actus/sigeif-mobilites-sem-deploiement-stations-gnv-biogaz-ile-de-france-1432.html
Website: www.grtgaz.com

3. Global system for sustainable traffic emissions management with RSD technology (LIFE GySTRA)

General description:
This project aims at establishing a real and effective policy for sustainable mobility, both for city traffic and for private transport fleets, based on the remote sensing technology RSD+. The goal is to put real actions into place to ensure compensation from vehicles that are polluting beyond defined thresholds.
It is expected that the actions included in the LIFE GySTRA  project will contribute significantly to compliance with the European environmental objectives related to ‘urban environment’ as they provide a sustainable alternative for the monitoring, management and reduction of the emissions from traffic in cities.
The project started on 1 September 2017 and will run until 30 November 2020.
Partners: OPUS RSE, Spanish Directorate General of Traffic, Spanish Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology and City of Graz
Supportive documents: https://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/project/Projects/index.cfm?fuseaction=search.dspPage&n_proj_id=6278https://airuse.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/27-Presentation-LIFE-GySTRA.pdf
Website: www.lifegystra.eu

4. How we eliminated the NOx problem from Copenhagen buses

General description:
Three hundred city buses in Copenhagen have been upgraded to remove toxic NOx emissions from the diesel engines. Amminex was chosen as the sole supplier for the ambitious Clean Air Package due to the superior efficiency of their innovative ASDS™ technology, and due to real-time measurements and documentation of the NOx removal. ASDS stores ammonia safely in a salt and releases the reactive gas to the catalyst, where it eliminates NOx. By using a gas, the catalyst is activated even in slow, urban driving conditions — where the other solutions using liquid urea find it challenging. ASDS effectively removes 92–99% of NOx under all driving conditions.
The actual NOx reduction is measured by sensors and sent to a database every minute, and the free NOxTracker app provides total transparency in terms of efficiency and value for money for the authorities, the bus operators and the public. To date, ASDS has removed more than 450 tonnes of NOx from the streets of Copenhagen.
The ASDS solution ensures the buses meet the strictest Euro VI standards in both lab-testing and in real-world driving, improving air quality where it is needed the most — in densely populated areas.
The project started in 2015, and will run until 2020.
Partner: Movia, Denmark’s largest public transport agency
Supporting document:
Company and technology presentation video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P9h36dWa2ZM&feature=youtu.be (English)
Website: www.amminex.com

5. SME Instrument

General description:
The SME Instrument provides full-cycle business innovation support. It has three phases, including a coaching and mentoring service. There are no set topics. It is designed only for for-profit SMEs, including young companies and start-ups, from any sector. You must be established in an EU Member State or an associated country. Selected companies receive funding, are offered business coaching to scale up their innovation ideas, and are helped to network with other companies of all sizes and with potential co-investors and follow-up investors. Competition is tough and the speaker will provide some hints for a successful application.
Website: www.ec.europa.eu/easme/en/sme-instrument

6. LIFE FOR SILVER COAST — Integrated mobility solutions (LIFE S_C)

General description:
Funded by the EC’s LIFE Programme, LIFE_SC will implement a set of integrated mobility solutions in three Italian cities popular with tourists (Isola del Giglio, Monte Argentario and Orbetello). Electric vehicles will be used to increase the accessibility of areas not currently served by public transport for both citizens and tourists, aiming at decreasing the use of means of transport that pollute.
Electric boats will connect Orbetello to the beaches, as well as the coasts of Argentario and Giglio. An e-bus service will go back and forth between the railway station and the city centre. Shared electric cars, scooters and bikes will be available for road users at strategic points in the three cities. The bikes will be made available through a prototype innovative bike sharing station.
The mobility services will be integrated through an info-mobility platform, providing managers and road users with information, allowing for the purchase of tickets, and giving users the opportunity to leave comments.
Partners: Florence University, Municipality of Orbetello, Municipality of Monte Argentario, Municipality of Isola del Giglio, ENEL S.p.A, Newave Italia S.r.l., Primordial S.r.l., Green Action S.r.l. and UNeed.IT
Website: www.lifeforsilvercoast.eu/index.php/en/

7. Putting organisational travel planning into practice — Sustainable commuting and its upscaling to municipal level

General description:
Since late 2014, the REC has been developing and piloting an on-site tool (https://tmt.rec.org) to monitor, and help reduce, CO2 and other pollutant emissions, and to improve the energy efficiency of its employees’ commuting. The data it gathers (including fuel costs, savings and calories burned) feed into a daily ride-sharing platform and a website that also offers other information on public transport services, bike-to-work options and mobility planning.
The REC would like to bring the philosophy of smart, sustainable commuting forward, and to advocate and assist in its uptake in any workplace. Interest in the REC’s sustainable commuting toolkit has been shown, and its uptake is currently being realised in a new EU-financed project called Smart Alliance for Sustainable Mobility (SASMob).
Partners: Municipality of Szeged (Hungary)
Website: wwwtmt.rec.org

8. The IMPROVE-LIFE project is testing measures that can reduce PM concentrations in platforms and inside trains

General description:
The overall objective of IMPROVE (Implementing Methodologies and Practices to Reduce air pollution Of the subway enVironmEnt) is to provide a benchmark study that will lead to a real improvement in subway air quality. Within the IMPROVE-LIFE project we are testing measures that can reduce PM concentrations in platforms and inside trains, taking into account variations in all the key factors, such as station depth, date of construction, station design, type of ventilation, types of brakes used on the trains, train frequency and the presence or absence of platform screen door systems. It also comprises indoor carriage air quality.
The project started on 1 October 2014 and will run until 31 March 2018.
Partners: Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) and Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB)
Website: www.improve-life.eu

9. Innovative PV 2 DC grid solutions in the public transport grid

General description:
The project aims at implementing the direct use of green energy in public transport.
The PV systems generate DC voltage and current and are suitable for the DC grids of the public transportation system. The energy produced from the PV systems saves more conventional energy than it replaces from the public grid.
The generated energy from the PV modules is injected in the DC grid of the public transport instead of using energy from conventional energy. The PV systems and conventional power supply systems work in parallel. The difference between the used energy from the vehicles and the produced energy from the PV systems is consumed by the electrical distribution network. This process is automatic, without interruptions, switching and additional processed
Website: www.solarpro.bg

10. The future of urban mobility

General description:
With ongoing urbanisation, and an increased population density in cities, solutions for sustainable transport are needed. One way to achieve sustainable urban transport is by having a bike-share system. Bike-share systems with electric bicycles are a recent trend, as electric bicycles can increase the modal share of bicycling. New e-bike-share systems are implemented each year across Europe, but they all face the same challenges — high implementation and maintenance costs. With our innovations in e-bike technology we tackle both problems and provide feasible and sustainable e-bike sharing business models.
The project aims at reducing the air pollution originating from motorised private vehicles used in cities by replacing them with electric bicycle sharing systems. In the meantime, Eljoy provide anonymous data collected from the bikes to municipalities for analysis and infrastructure utilization and optimization.
Website: www.EljoyBikes.com

11. Sofia Urban Challenge — The first open innovation initiative on clean air in Bulgaria

General description:
In 2017 the Municipality of Sofia and Cleantech Bulgaria, with the support of Climate-KIC, the biggest EU public–private partnership supporting innovation towards tackling climate change, organised the first open innovation pitch event. Their objective was to attract the start-ups in the EU best able to improve the air quality in Bulgaria’s capital. Six teams presented their solutions, and three were selected as suitable for application within the city-specific context. Currently we are working on Phase II of the project, which, in 2018, might result in a pilot-testing of the solution that won first place at the open innovation event — installing a public e-bike rental system in Sofia (developed by a young Bulgarian company).
This scouting procedure, and pilot-test, is to achieve a solution that can provide clean air for Sofia’s citizens. The duration is six months for Phase I and 12 months for Phase II.
Partners: Municipality of Sofia, Climate-KIC and Eljoy Bikes
Supporting documents:
https://cleantech.bg/running-campaigns/sofia-city-urban-challenge-2017/
https://www.capital.bg/biznes/startup/2017/10/21/3062526_koi_kompanii_specheliha_purviia_konkurs_za_inovacii_za/
Website: www.cleantech.bg
Website: www.cleantech.bg

12. Electric vehicle car sharing and charging stations infrastructure

Ever-growing urbanisation is facing increasing problems caused by harmful emissions and heavy traffic. Electric vehicles and free-flow electric vehicle sharing are particularly effective at addressing these problems. The demand for electric vehicles and shared mobility services has grown rapidly over the past few years, and is expected to continue to do so in the foreseeable future.
SPARK Bulgaria (a JV between SPARK Lithuania and Eldrive) is the first car sharing service company to enter the Bulgarian market. SPARK initiated operations in Sofia in end October 2017 and is rapidly growing. Together, Eldrive and SPARK strive to promote EV mobility by expanding the charging stations infrastructure and allowing for a contemporary and zero-emission urban mobility to fit the needs of a modern society.
Websites: www.spark.bg
Websites: www.eldrive.eu

13. Speedy electric vehicle fleet for city deliveries

General description:
In 2013, Speedy bought 20 electric Renault Kangoo Zero Emission (ZE) vehicles to operate in the municipality of Sofia and in other big cities in the country. The purchase of electric vehicles was a forward-looking decision and made the biggest Bulgarian courier company one of the first in Europe to undertake such an innovative investment at such a scale. For the first four years the project proved to be financially sustainable despite the lack of any government incentives or support for such green initiatives.
The project started in 2013, and will run until 2023.
Website: www.speedygoesgreen.bg

14. An innovative method for solid particle filter cleaners and catalysts

General description:
The project aims at delivering quick and sustainable solutions for improving the quality of air by recycling the solid particle filters on diesel-powered machines with DPFs and catalysts for gas powered machines. The innovative recycling  DPF-cleaning machines are made in Plovdiv in Bulgaria, and aim at being an affordable and versatile solution for consumers who cannot afford to replace their original filters.
The project creates an affordable and sustainable method to reduce the air pollution caused by petrol- and diesel-powered machines.
Website: www.dpfcleaning.eu

15. Shell — Helping to reduce  the impacts on air quality made by transport

Shell has been part of the transport sector for well over a century and we want to continue being part of it in the future. The importance of transporting the world’s growing number of people and goods must be balanced with efforts to reduce CO2 and to improve local air quality. To play an active role in this transition, today Shell continues to improve the efficiency of conventional fuels, while also investing in lower carbon fuels and diversifying the range of energy choices we provide to our customers. These include biofuels, LNG, GTL, power for electric vehicles and hydrogen.
During the presentation, Kamelia Slaveykova will highlight Shell’s role and good practices in reducing the impacts on air quality made by transport.
Website: www.shell.bg

16. LIFE ’N Grab HY! — Hydrogen electric hybrid refuse collection vehicles to enhance air quality and reduce noise

General description:
Traditional heavy duty vehicles, such as waste collection vehicles run on diesel. The oxidation of diesel in internal combustion engines produces about one quarter of the CO2 emissions from all road transport, corresponding to 5 % of the EU’s total GHG emissions. Moreover, a significant part of the particulate matter found in the air is generated by diesel engines. Very small particle air pollution can have serious acute and chronic health effects, which are exacerbated by NOx and CO2 emissions as well as the combustion output of diesel engines. Heavy duty vehicles, especially refuse trucks, tend to produce high noise levels, which are disturbing in densely populated areas. Hydrogen, as an energy vector in mobile applications, may provide a suitable response to these issues. When used in a fuel cell, electricity is generated to power a clean and quiet powertrain/driveline.
The overall objective is to demonstrate two hydrogen-electric hybrid refuse trucks as a zero-emission and low-noise alternative for waste collection at 10 different sites. The project will create public awareness of hydrogen energy as a sustainable energy carrier. The duration of the project is four years (of which 3 years of demonstrating was planned).
Partners: WaterstofNet vzw, E-Trucks Europe, 
Cure Afvalbeheer, Baetsen-Groep, and Hydrogenics

Supporting documents: The Life 'N Grab Hy! activities have received funding from the European Union’s LIFE Programme under Grant Agreement LIFE14 ENV/BE/000415 —
www.ec.europa.eu/environment/life/ 

Website: www.lifeandgrabhy.eu

17. Improvement of transport fuels and air quality

General description: NOT AVAILABLE YET

18. Assessment of public health co-benefits from traffic related emission policies in Thessaloniki (ICARUS project)

General description: NOT AVAILABLE YET

19. Manufacturers of remote emission sensing equipment (innovative solutions for fleet monitoring)

General description: NOT AVAILABLE YET