Environment

The Eco-Innovation Scoreboard and the Eco-Innovation Index

The Eco-Innovation Scoreboard (Eco-IS) and the Eco-Innovation Index  illustrate eco-innovation performance across the EU Member States. They aim at capturing the different aspects of eco-innovation by applying 16 indicators grouped into five dimensions: eco-innovation inputs, eco-innovation activities, eco-innovation outputs, resource efficiency and socio-economic outcomes. The Eco-Innovation Index shows how well individual Member States perform in different dimensions of eco-innovation compared to the EU average and presents their strengths and weaknesses. The Eco-IS and the Eco-Innovation Index complements other measurement approaches of innovativeness of EU countries and aims to promote a holistic view on economic, environmental and social performance.

In this Brief you can see the overview of the trends across EU28 shown by the 2016 Index.

If you want to learn more about the technical implementation of the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard, please download the Technical note.

Eco-innovation INDEX 2016
 
Composition of the ECO-INNOVATION INDEX  2016
DIMENSIONS and Components of tHE ECO-Innovation index 2016
Eco-innovation Inputs

Eco-innovation inputs comprise investments (financial or human resources) aiming to trigger eco-innovation activities.

The three indicators in the component of eco-innovation inputs are:

  • 1.1. Governments environmental and energy R&D appropriations and outlays (% of GDP) [Source: EUROSTAT]
  • 1.2. Total R&D personnel and researchers (% of total employment) [Source: EUROSTAT]
  • 1.3. Total value of green early stage investments (USD/capita) [Source: Cleantech]
Eco-innovation Inputs 2016
Eco-innovation Activities

Eco-innovation activities illustrate to what extent companies in a specific country are active in eco-innovation.

The three indicators in the component of eco-innovation activities are:

  • 2.1. Firms having implemented innovation activities aiming at a reduction of material input per unit output (% of total firms) [Source: EUROSTAT]
  • 2.2. Firms having implemented innovation activities aiming at a reduction of energy input per unit output (% of total firms) [Source: EUROSTAT]
  • 2.3. ISO 14001 registered organisations (per mln population) [Source: ISO Survey of Certifications]
Eco-innovation Activities 2016
Eco-innovation Outputs

Eco-innovation outputs quantify the outputs of eco-innovation activities in terms of patents, academic literature and media contributions.

The three indicators in the component of eco-innovation outputs are:

  • 3.1. Eco-innovation related patents (per mln population) [Source: Patstat]
  • 3.2. Eco-innovation related academic publications (per mln population) [Source: Scopus]
  • 3.3. Eco-innovation related media coverage (per numbers of electronic media) [Source: Meltwater]
Eco-innovation Outputs 2016
Resource efficiency outcomes

The component of resource efficiency outcomes puts eco-innovation performance in the context of a country’s resource efficiency.

The four indicators in the component of resource efficiency outcomes are:

  • 4.1. Material productivity (GDP/Domestic Material Consumption) [Source: EUROSTAT]
  • 4.2. Water productivity (GDP/Water Footprint) [Source: Water Footprint Network]
  • 4.3. Energy productivity (GDP/gross inland energy consumption) [Source: EUROSTAT]
  • 4.4. GHG emissions intensity (CO2e/GDP) [Source: EEA]
Resource efficiency outcomes 2016
Socio-economic outcomes

The final component illustrates to what extent eco-innovation performance generates positive outcomes for social (employment) and economic (turnover, exports) aspects.

The three indicators in the component of socio-economic outcomes are:

  • 5.1. Exports of products from eco-industries (% of total exports) [Source: EUROSTAT]
  • 5.2. Employment in eco-industries and circular economy (% of total employment across all companies) [Source: Orbis]
  • 5.3. Revenue in eco-industries and circular economy (% of total revenue across all companies) [Source: Orbis]
Socio-economic outcomes 2016