ECO-INNOVATIONat the heart of European policies
In 2019, France ranks 10th in the EU28 Eco-innovation composite index with a score of 107, slightly above the European average. In the index, France shows a substantial improvement of eco-innovation activities from previous years. However, while also eco-innovation inputs and resource-efficiency outcomes represent strong points, eco-innovation outputs and socio-economic outcomes require improvement to ensure an overall ranking above EU average.
In France, circular economy and eco-innovation have continued their development in the areas of industrial symbiosis, and social and solidarity economy. Incubation and acceleration programmes support entrepreneurs who are providing solutions to social and environmental challenges, while focusing on services and products relying on digital technologies. As a result of the global context, citizens and consumers’ interest in the ecological transition has grown and been favourable to the adoption of eco-innovations. National and local governments, as well as local organisations and competitiveness clusters have enhanced their support for eco-innovation and circular economy. The important drivers for circular economy and eco-innovation can be found in research and development networks on ecodesign and life-cycle assessment, as well as associations supporting the private sector in the operationalisation of the associated methodologies. The French transition towards a circular economy has a defined scope and framework dependent upon various continued policies. However, the country has also adopted several policies that set specific targets and new obligations. An increasing number of instruments support policy decision-making, research and development, as well as company development. Although two major transitions are taking place in France – the ecological transition and the digital transition – there is a lack of a common narrative that could lead to a comprehensive and productive synergy.
2019 Eco-innovation Scoreboard ranking and eco-innovation index composites for France