Environment
FR

France

In the 2017 EU Eco-innovation composite index, France ranks 13th, sharing the same score with Ireland (12th), and being behind United Kingdom, Spain and Portugal. Despite favourable legislation supporting eco-innovation and entrepreneurship since 2003, and even more so with the 2015-2020 national strategy for ecological transition to sustainable development that supports knowledge production, research and innovation, France has fallen below the European average. In 2017, France is close to the European average in terms of eco-innovation inputs, eco-innovation outputs, resource efficiency outcomes and socio-economic outcomes. In eco-innovation activities sub-index France ranked lowest in the EU. The circular economy and eco-innovation discourse is diffusing in the economic and policy landscapes. With the rise of the social and solidarity economy in France, there is more focus on environmental issues and circular economy. Industrial and territorial ecology, which generally enables a lesser use of resources, is still very active, despite the recent crisis. Innovation competitions enable to boost eco-innovations and initiatives linked to the circular economy and can represent a tool to guide research. The public policy and financial support is also substantial, but as the funding decreases, economic actors are facing difficulties to thrive further. Individual consumption does not fully support eco-innovation yet, as circular-economy-friendly behaviour still needs to become a common trend. Numerous laws and initiatives in France, such as the roadmap for circular economy (2018), the the Law for the Social and Solidarity Economy (2014) and the Energy Transition for Green Growth Act (2015), have strengthened the organisations involved in the circular economy and the solidarity and social economy. Local governments are also strongly supporting these sectors, as they are an active recruiting ground and a driving force for the local economic development.

2017 Eco-innovation Scoreboard ranking and eco-innovation index composites for France

France

France_radar

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More information
  • Agence de l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l’Energie (ADEME) website. Available at: http://www2.ademe.fr/
  • Belin J, Horbach J, Oltra V, 2011, Determinants and specitifities of eco-innovations - an econometric analysis for the French and German Industry based on the Community Innovation Survey, Cahiers du Gretha, n 2011-17, Bordeaux.
  • Commissariat General à l’Egalité des Territoires (CGET), 2015, Synthesis of the Research and Innovation strategies for Smart Specialisation of French Regions. Available at:http://www.cget.gouv.fr/sites/cget.gouv.fr/files/atoms/files/cget_sri_si_en-12- 2015_0.pdf
  • Comité d’Orientation Stratégique des Eco-Industries (COSEI), 2012, Les filières industrielles vertes et le Comité d’Orientation Stratégique des Eco-Industries. Available at: http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/synthese_COSEI_filieres_et_themes_transversaux-2.pdf
  • Ministère de l ́Ecologie, du Développement Durable et de l ́Energie (MEDDE), 2013, Investissements d’Avenir. Available at: http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Investissements-d-avenir-Lancement,30981.htm
  • Ministère de l'Ecologie, du Développement Durable et de l'Energie (MEDDE), 2012, Les politiques d’éco-innovation. Available at: http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Les-politiques-d-eco-innovation...
  • Boston Consulting Group, 2008, Développer les éco-industries en France: Rapport de Synthèse, Report carried out for the  Ministry of Economy, Industry and Employment, December 2008.
  • Chambolle, T , 2006, Plan d’action pour favoriser l’investissement et la création d’entreprises dans le domaine des Ecotechnologies, Rapport au Premier Ministre, Président de la Commission « Environnement » de l’Académie des Technologies.
  • Commission General for Sustainable Development, 2009, Towns at the heart of the transition towards post-carbon societies, Horizons 2030-2050 Forsight unit news, December 2009.
  • Commission General for Sustainable Development, 2010, One year of implementation of the Stiglitz commission recommendations: towards a new generagion of indicators, le point sur, n64, september 2010.
  • Commissariat Général au développemet durable, 2011a, Projet de R&D dans les pôles de compétitivité: une sensibilistaion croissante au développement durable, le point sur, n77, March 2011.
  • Commissariat Général au développemet durable, 2011b, L'économie de l'environnement en 2009, Références, juin 2011.
  • Comité Stratégique des eco-industries (COSEI), 2011a, Soutenir la compétitivité de la filière française du bâtiment à faible impact environnemental, Rapport final, Juillet 2011.
  • Comité Stratégique des eco-industries (COSEI), 2011b, Développer la filière française de la valorisation industrielle des déchet, Rapport final, Juillet 2011.
  • Comité Stratégique des eco-industries (COSEI), 2011c, Soutenir la compétitivité de la filière française de l’eau et de l’assainissement, Rapport final, Juillet 2011.
  • Ministry of the Environment, Sustainable Development, Transportation and Housing (MEDDTL) website, Available at: http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/
  • Ministry of Economy, Industry and Employment (MINEFE), 2009, Eco-industries :  La croissance d’une filière, Cahier Industrie, n°137, February 2009.
  • Ministry of Economy, Industry and Employment (MINEFE), 2010, La lettre de la Dgcis: promouvoir les eco-industries, n°55, March2010.
  • Najdawi C., 2013, Assessment of Climate Change Policies in the Context of the European Semester: Country Report France. Available at:  http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/g-gas/progress/docs/fr_2013_en.pdf