ECO-INNOVATIONat the heart of European policies
Multiple pathways exist for the implementation of circular economy principles, e.g. through repair, re-use, remanufacturing and recycling. Products lie at the core of the challenge. In particular, the way in which products are designed and manufactured (when considering aspects such as modularity, multifunctionality, reparability, longevity and durability) has a large impact on the options available to both consumers and companies after first usage.
The 2018 report of the Eco-innovation Observatory focuses on the contribution of product eco-innovation towards a circular economy transition in the EU. It provides an overview of trends and illustrative good practices and highlights the key lessons learned from product policy experiences across Member States in developing circular economy.
This report has developed a framework to monitor and evaluate product eco-innovation trends for the circular economy, which encompasses three main areas: (a) the business model, (b) product design and production, (c) use and post-consumption.
Ten European case studies of eco-innovations that boost the circular economy are showcased. Different sectors, actors, goals and achievements are presented in an effort to give a wide overview of existing good practices.
Furthermore, the report assesses how a number of EU instruments – ecolabels, green public procurement, EMAS, extended producer responsibility, ecodesign, Product Environmental Footprint – already contribute or could potentially contribute to the circular economy. This assessment includes examples from Member States and consideration of bottom-up initiatives. The report concludes with a series of policy messages.
The report also presents a cross-country comparison based on the recent eco-innovation indicators featured in the EU and Global eco-innovation Index and scoreboard.
This document is part of a series of flagship reports published by the Eco-Innovation Observatory since 2011. Previous reports are available on the Eco-Innovation Observatory website.
Download the 2018 report of the Eco-Innovation Observatory