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Environment

3 Billion Trees Pledge

Under the European Green Deal, the EU biodiversity strategy for 2030 commits to planting at least 3 billion additional trees in the EU by 2030 in full respect of ecological principles.

The MapMyTree counter was launched on 9 December 2021. It counts new trees that comply with the criteria of the 3 Billion Trees Pledge, since the adoption of the EU biodiversity strategy in May 2020.

The accompanying map provides different options to view where trees have been planted across the EU. View planted trees by country, or zoom in on specific regions by selecting the NUTS1 to NUTS3 options. Select the NUTS3 option to view participating organisations.

For more detailed information on the tree planting progress, visit:

Forest Information System for Europe

Why plant 3 billion additional trees?

Footage courtesy of Life Terra, Reforest’Action, Nadace Partnerstvi and Kilometro Verde. Click on the hyperlinks to watch their full videos.

The Commission published its dedicated EU Forest Strategy for 2030 to improve the quantity and quality of EU forests. It includes a roadmap outlining how the Commission plans to achieve the 3 Billion Additional Trees Pledge in full respect of ecological principles.

Trees are a key part of the solution to combat climate change and biodiversity loss however this pledge will not solve the climate nor the biodiversity crisis on its own. Planting new trees is not an alternative to preserving existing trees, but a complement to broader conservation action. Planting 3 billion additional trees across the EU by 2030 will

  • increase the area of forest and tree coverage in the EU
  • increase the resilience of forests and their role in reversing biodiversity loss
  • mitigate and help us adapt to climate change

In the EU, it is estimated that almost 300 million trees have grown each year between 2010 and 2015.

The aim is to double these numbers so that we reach 600 million trees grown per year. This means 3 billion additional trees by 2030 compared to the “business as usual” scenario.

How can we achieve this target?

Many planting and natural regeneration activities are taking place in Europe, and the 3 Billion Trees Pledge will kick-start additional efforts and give visibility to what is already happening.

An important aspect is that additional trees need to be planted and grown in full respect of ecological principles. This means that the right tree has to be planted in the right place and for the right purpose. This requires long term planning and monitoring.

In practice, the right mix of tree species should be planted not only in forests, but also in rural and urban areas. No trees should be planted in areas of high nature value such as mires, bogs, fens, wetlands, peatlands, and grasslands. Tree planting in cities can be very beneficial even in smaller numbers, while planting in rural areas can bring added synergies when coupled with agroforestry or landscape features.

How does it work?

Some answers to your questions:

What else is the EU doing to protect forests?

This pledge will not solve the climate nor the biodiversity crisis on its own. Planting new trees is not an alternative to preserving existing trees, but a complement to broader conservation action. The Commission is taking further action to improve the quality and quantity of EU forests through the new EU forest strategy for 2030. This strategy aims to increase forest coverage in the EU whilst respecting ecological principles, and improve the resilience of forests in the EU. It includes commitments to strictly protect remaining EU primary and old-growth forests, ensure that forests are managed sustainably, and improve the monitoring of EU forests.