Digitalisation is a process that converts information to a digital form. As the technological transformation from analogue to digital advances, digital technologies will make energy systems more connected, intelligent, efficient, reliable and sustainable over the coming decades.

Information and communication technologies (ICT), modern sensors, big data and artificial intelligence, and the internet of things (IoT) are some of the technologies that can innovate the way we use energy and help find solutions for decarbonising our energy systems.

Impacting the energy value chain

Digitalisation has an impact along the entire energy value chain, ranging from generation to transport, distribution, supply and consumption.

It can also help integrate the growing share of renewable energy by delivering flexible electricity systems that provide demand side solutions and energy storage, including for sectors that are difficult to decarbonise.  

A system-wide approach is needed so digitalisation of energy can help deliver on the European Commission’s ambitious political priorities, including the European Green Deal and making the EU fit for the digital age, through synergies between instruments in both policy domains.

Digitalisation and the extensive use of data also comes with a set of challenges and it  requires preserving high privacy, security, safety and ethical standards, particularly for cyber security matters. Ensuring that the ICT sector is efficient and renewable-based in its energy use is also very important for this sector that is growing rapidly.

In addition, the development of digital solutions needs an infrastructure fit for the future, with common standards, gigabit networks, and secure clouds of both current and next generations.

Workshops and projects

The European Commission promotes digitalisation of the energy system through research and innovation projects, such as the use of ICT in the energy system.

The Commission is also regularly organising workshops  to gather projects and discuss common challenges and policy recommendations.