Renewable energy targets
The energy sector is responsible for more than 75% of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions. Increasing the share of renewable energy across the different sectors of the economy is therefore a key building block to reach the EU’s energy and climate objectives
- cutting greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% (compared to 1990) by 2030
- becoming a climate neutral continent by 2050
Building on the 20% target for 2020, the recast Renewable Energy Directive 2018/2001/EU established a new binding renewable energy target for the EU for 2030 of at least 32%, with a clause for a possible upwards revision by 2023.
To meet the higher climate ambition, as presented in the European Green Deal in December 2019, further revisions of the directive were needed.
The Commission will present Europe’s new 2030 climate targets, including a proposal for amending the Renewable Energy Directive, on 14 July 2021.
With its Energy 2020 strategy for competitive, sustainable and secure energy (COM/2010/0639), EU aimed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20%, increase the share of renewable energy to at least 20% of consumption and achieve energy savings of 20% or more by 2020. All EU countries should also achieve a 10% share of renewable energy in their transport sector.
Every 2 years, EU countries reported on their progress towards the EU's 2020 renewable energy goals and the Commission, based on the national reports and on other available data, produced an EU-wide report, giving an overview of renewable energy policy developments in EU countries.
In 2019, renewable energy represented 19.7% of energy consumed in the EU-27, only 0.3% short of the 2020 target of 20%.