The Energy Charter Treaty was signed in 1994 and entered into force in April 1998. There are currently fifty-three signatories and contracting parties to the Treaty, including both the European Union and Euratom.
The Treaty provides a multilateral framework for energy cooperation that is unique under international law and is designed to promote energy security through the operation of more open and competitive energy markets, while respecting the principles of sustainable development and sovereignty over energy resources. It also established the Energy Charter Conference; an inter-governmental organisation, which meets on a regular basis to discuss issues affecting energy cooperation.
In addition to the Energy Charter Conference, the International Energy Charter promotes mutually beneficial energy cooperation among nations deriving from all continents for the sake of energy security and sustainability.
- Decision on the Energy Charter Protocol on energy efficiency and related environmental aspects (98/181/EC, ECSC, Euratom)