Certificates and inspections
Energy performance certificates are important instruments that help improve the energy performance of buildings. The certificates play a central role in the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (2010/31/EU) as EU countries are asked to provide information on the certificates and inspection reports. In addition to purpose and objectives, the certificates should also disclose cost-effective ways and, where appropirate, available financial instruments to improve the energy performance of the building to the owners or tenants of the buildings.
Energy performance certificates
Energy performance certificates provide information to consumers on buildings they plan to purchase or rent. They include an energy performance rating and recommendations for cost-effective improvements.
Certificates must be included in all advertisements in commercial media when a building is put up for sale or rent. They must also be shown to prospective tenants or buyers when a building is being constructed, sold, or rented. After a deal has been concluded, they are handed over to the buyer or new tenant.
A study on the impact of energy performance certificates was carried out in 2013 and based on an analysis of residential markets in Europe, it found that higher energy savings resulted in substantially higher sale or rental prices on average.
Inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems
EU countries must also put in place schemes for the inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems, or take measures that have an equivalent impact on energy savings.
Under the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (2010/31/EU), all EU countries have established independent control systems for energy performance certificates and inspection reports for heating and cooling systems.
EU countries produced reports in 2014 on the independent control systems they use for energy performance certificates and on the regular inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems.
Some countries opted for alternative measures to regular inspection regimes of heating and air-conditioning systems.
- Consolidated version of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (2010/31/EU)
- Study on the voluntary common EU certification scheme for non-residential buildings (November 2014)
- Report: Energy performance certificates in buildings and their impact on transaction prices and rents in selected EU countries (April 2013)