Individual EU countries have different available resources and their own unique energy markets. This means that they will have to follow distinctive paths when it comes to meeting their obligations under the Renewable Energy Directive, including their legally binding 2020 targets. In their national action plans, they explain how they intend to do this. The plans cover:
- individual renewable energy targets for the electricity, heating and cooling, and transport sectors
- the planned mix of different renewables technologies
- policy measures to achieve national targets including cooperation between local, regional, and national authorities
- any planned statistical transfers and/or joint projects with other countries
- national policies to develop biomass resources
- measures to ensure that biofuels used to meet renewable energy targets are in compliance with the EU's sustainability criteria
The action plans
- Czech Republic (updated March 2013)
- United Kingdom
European economic area (EEA) countries
European Economic Area members Iceland and Norway have also produced action plans.
Action plan database
The Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) has created an external database and quantitative report of the national action plans.
Each EU country produced a renewable energy forecast in advance of their action plan.