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Spatial Deployment of offshore WIND Energy in Europe (WINDSPEED)

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Offshore wind energy deployment can significantly contribute to increasing the share of renewable energy in Europe’s energy mix. However, competing uses of the sea, costs, grid integration and other barriers are important challenges to the development of offshore wind. WINDSPEED aims to develop a roadmap defining a realistic target and a development pathway up to 2030 for offshore wind energy in the Central and Southern North Sea. The roadmap will also identify barriers and potential surplus conditions in the North-European electricity grid along with policy recommendations on how to tackle these.A sound methodological framework will be developed, consisting of a Geographical Information System (GIS)-based decision support system (DSS), to allow for a spatial representation of wind energy potentials in relation to non-wind sea functions and nature conservation, and calculation rules for quantifying trade-offs between electricity generation costs and constraints due to non-wind sea functions and nature conservation. Stakeholders will play a key role in co-defining the DSS tool as well as the roadmap for offshore wid deployment up to 2030.

Results

  • Establish inventories of (i) wind potential, location specific wind energy costs, related infrastructure, and marine planning and regulatory regimes (ii) current and future presence of other sea functions and their interactions.
  • Establish a methodological framework for the quantification of spatial marine interactions and the economic impacts of these interactions on the deployment of offshore wind farms.
  • Establish a GIS-based decision support system that combines the results of the inventory as well as the interactions.
  • Identify barriers for offshore wind deployment, with focus on grid integration, and to define a set of policy recommendations to tackle these. Develop scenario forecasts for offshore wind energy.
  • Define a realistic target and development path for offshore wind energy Central and Southern North Sea basin up to 2030. Run training courses for policy makers and other influential organisations using the GIS-based decision support system.
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Lessons learned

  • //There are no technical limitations to the deployment of offshore wind energy in the Central and Southern North Sea basin. //Combining geographical datasets collected from different countries to achieve geographical coverage as required for the WINDSPEED project is an arduous task as the different data structures and coding systems need to be harmonised for use with the DSS.
  • //There are potential co-use opportunities for OWE and certain sea use functions, due to the low average installed density of wind turbines that is assumed. The corridors between neighbouring parks can be utilised by other sea use functions such as shipping and fishing. Relatively low densities of OWE (at a macro scale) are thus not only necessary to preserve the level of wind resource, but also allow integration or co-use of some other sea uses.
  • //Within the WINDSPEEP scenario analysis, it can be concluded that realising floating technologies effectively potentially doubles the total spatial OWE potential. However, this would be contingent on cost effective floating solutions becoming available. Moreover, the additional capacity is concentrated almost exclusively in the UK and Norway, which suggests that the drive for such technology will likely have to originate in these countries. Last updated: 10.07.2012
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Partners and coordinator

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Contact

Energy research Centre of the Netherlands
Netherlands
Contact point: 
Name: 
Dr Marjolein de Best-Waldhober
E-mail: 
Tel: 
+31-224-564798
Name: 
Frits van Oostvoorn
Tel: 
0031 224 564438
Name: 
Henk F. Kaan
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031-224-56 4500
Name: 
(Marc) H.M. Londo
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031 224 568253
Name: 
Nico van der Linden
Tel: 
0031 0 22456 4433
Name: 
Martin Scheepers
Tel: 
0031 224 564436
Name: 
marc Londo
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031 224 568253
Name: 
Nico van der Linden
Tel: 
0031 224 564433
Name: 
Karina Veum
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031-224-560882
Name: 
Frans Nieuwenhout
Tel: 
+31 224 564849

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In brief

Duration:
01/09/2008 to 31/03/2011
Contract number: 
IEE/07/759/S12.499460

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