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Residential Monitoring to Decrease Energy Use and Carbon Emissions in Europe (REMODECE)

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The project evaluated how much electricity could be saved by the use of the most efficient appliances and by the reduction of standby consumption. The research focused mainly new electronic loads such as: entertainment, information and communication technologies, stand-by consumption, lighting, as well as air conditioning in some southern countries. In Central and Eastern Europe, because of lack of reliable data, white appliances have also been targeted. A large-scale monitoring campaign in 12 countries and a consumer survey have been carried out: 100 households have been audited per country and 500 detailed questionnaires have been collected in each country. The measurement campaign was performed in about 1,300 households and the survey involved the collection of 6,000 questionnaires. About 11,500 single appliances were analysed. The appliances were grouped into 24 appliance groups or “end-uses”. The time interval for the measurements was 10 minutes, collected over a period of about two weeks. The collected data, both from monitoring and from the survey, is accessible from the European Residential Electricity Consumption Database developed online.


  • Updated European database on residential consumption, including central and eastern European countries.
  • Methodologies to combine the use of selective monitoring with wider-scale surveying.
  • A software tool for evaluating energy performance in households.
  • A set of policy recommendations for different types of equipment.

Lessons learned

  • There is a lack of raw data from previous studies, surveys, statistics or monitoring campaigns. Besides Eureco Project, the available data is usually compiled in scattered reports.
  • Monitoring equipment for residential households has not been available at reasonable prices and at convenient delivery times. The consortium could find some interesting monitoring equipment, with suitable technical features, but with limited commercially availability and the price was quite high.
  • People habits are very hard to modify. First price and design are mentioned as the main decision factors when buying appliances and lighting, while features and design are mentioned as the decision factors for buying electronic loads.

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ISR-University of Coimbra
Contact point: 
Anibal De Almeida
00351 239 796 218
Prof. Anibal de Almeida
Anibal De Almeida
00351 239 796 218


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In brief

01/01/2006 to 30/06/2008
Contract number: 

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