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Regulations of Geothermal HP systems at local and regional level in Europe (REGEOCITIES)

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The lack of normative framework for Shallow Geothermal Energy (SGE) Systems  at local and regional levels in juvenile regions and the over-regulation in more mature regions is limiting the implementation of these type of systems in Europe. Focusing on countries with ambitious objectives on SGE systems, the project aims to remove and clarify the non-technical administrative and regulatory barriers at regional and local levels affecting the uptake of SGE systems. The overall objective of the project is therefore to address and overcome the non-technical barriers concerning the regulation of shallow geothermal resources and to simplify and clarify the administrative procedures. By transferring identified best practices from mature to juvenile / immature regions the project has contributed to accelerating the the market uptake and implementation of SGE systems.Best practices have formed the basis of a document with recommendations on how to develop a common pre-normative framework for the regulation of SGE systems. The project has engaged and collaborated with regional and local administrations during the project duration in order to validate the project results. A complete training program targeting members of staff in  regional and local public authorities has been  developed and implemented to provide this target group with the skills and tools that are needed to facilitate and assist during the regulative process of Shallow geothermal systems.


  • Report of the current situation of the regulative framework for shallow geothermal in the participant countries including an overview on the market situation, the non technical barriers affecting geothermal and the expectations of the NREAPs. 11 workshops in the targeted cities and regions have taken place used to obtain information at the regional and local levels.
  • Compilation and transfer of best practices from mature to juvenile regions with the aim of harmonizing the regulative framework for shallow geothermal. This document has been used as a base for the development of a common methodology and recommendations for creating a regulative framework of shallow geothermal.
  • Development of a common European methodology based in a common database with handbook for quantifying and mapping shallow geothermal systems in support of the regulation of shallow geothermal systems.
  • Courses and training materials concerning the regulation of shallow geothermal systems targeting policy makers and administrative personnel from the targeted cities and regions, as well as professionals. This is supported by an online helpdesk for local authorities.
  • Increment of the number of shallow geothermal installations in the targeted regions, especially in the juvenile regions, hence contributing to achieving the NREAPs geothermal heat pump targets of those countries.

Lessons learned

  • As a first lesson, after the Kick off Meeting, it could be stated that the current situation on the regulative framework and administrative schemes are extremely different from some countries to others. There are some common points related to the regulation of thermal installations that are in someway governed by the recast of the Energy Performance for Buildings Directive but there are significant differences at local levels for regulating and managing the installations in the municipalities.
  • The contents of the workshops and the training courses should be adapted to the current status quo and level of maturity of the technology in the different countries in order to prepare interesting and engaging materials for increasing the participation of the stakeholders. The presentation of positive or best practices examples has been considered as highly usable in the juvenile regions.
  • The planning of activities such as workshops and courses with the participation of public authorities or technicians from the municipalities must be generally done with a long prevision as these actors need a long period of time for scheduling new activities. Moreover the involvement of people in the advisory committee is, in some cases, difficult due to the busy agendas of the suitable personnel.

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EGEC - Geothermal
Contact point: 
DUMAS Philippe
+32 2 400 10 24


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In brief

01/05/2012 to 30/04/2015
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