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Quality Management, Organisation, Validation of Standards, Developments and Inquiries for SRF (QUOVADIS)

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Solid Recovered Fuels are prepared from non-hazardous waste. Their use is regulated under EU legislation and implies specifications for commercial or regulatory purposes. SRFs are seen as important contribution to a sustainable EU waste management. Directive 2001/77/EC includes in its scope the production of electricity from biomass, being defined as the biodegradable fraction of products, waste and residues from agriculture, forestry and related industries, as well as the biodegradable fraction of industrial and municipal waste. In this context the EC gave a mandate (M325) to CEN to develop and validate Technical Specification (TS) concerning SRF for energy recovery and to transform these TS into European Standards. To meet these requests, QUOVADIS adopted a holistic validation programme covering quality management and the validation exercises for the pre-standards of CEN TC 343. Results dissemination and knowledge exchange in the enlarged EU was also taken in due account by collecting data on production and potential of SRF.


  • The main achieved results include: - Results (including Round Robins and ruggedness testing) of the validation of TSs for sampling, test sample preparation, determination of the biomass content, chemical and physical, developed by CEN/TC 343 "Solid Recovered Fuels".
  • Proposal to CEN/TC 343 "Solid Recovered Fuels" for upgrading of TSs to ENs
  • A validated classification system for Solid Recovered Fuels (SRF)
  • Manuals for the application of Quality Management (QM) to plants producing SRF A database on SRF in Europe, based on the classification system necessary for the validation of the TS
  • An overview on the potential market for SRF in the enlarged Europe

Lessons learned

  • SRF is a valid way for a proper and environmental sustainable use of non hazardous waste, mainly for waste fraction difficult to be recycled; this appeared particularly evident in small Countries where relatively low waste streams are produced A common classification system of SRF thoroughly Europe is essential to improve the market giving the same rules in all the EU Member States. The process of merging different position and local regulation thoroughly Europe was not easy put in practice,
  • but at the end of the process a reasonable compromise was reached The availability of common EN standard for the SRF characterisation and the development of an agreed Quality Management System can contribute to the Public acceptance of SRF for energy production. This was the first aim of QUOVADIS and the goal was achieved.
  • Considering the great potential for the production of SRF in the New Countries recently joining EU, support actions should be undertaken in order to include the SRF production and use in these Countries strategy of waste management. Last updated: 24.06.2010

Partners and coordinator

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Contact point: 
Giovanni Ciceri
0039 02 3992 4667


In brief

01/01/2005 to 31/12/2007
Contract number: