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PV in Urban Policies: a Strategic and Comprehensive Approach for Long-term Expansion (PV-UP-SCALE)

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For a sustainable electricity supply in EU, large-scale implementation of Photovoltaics (PV) in our cities is a necessity. Successful implementation of PV on a large scale depends on PV being: part of the urban planning process of city districts building or renovating; available as accepted building product; attractive for investors, utilities and end-users. The planning process and the connection of large number of PV systems to the low-voltage grid have been addressed by PV-UP-Scale, as they had been given less attention compared to PV as a building product. In the planning process, it is crucial that decision makers are aware of the possibilities of PV as energy producing building product and that implications on an urban-scale are clear. Drivers to stimulate decision makers to apply solar energy have been identified, bottlenecks have been addressed that will hinder them. Solutions for the bottlenecks have been proposed and best practices presented to the stakeholders in the process of planning, application and use of PV. The knowledge on BIPV built-up in the past decade has been translated to urban-scale applications and to the needs of the stakeholders in this new challenge.

Results

  • The already existing PV database (developed within the Task 7 of IEA PVPS) has been actualised and extended with urban scale and large PV projects (www.pvdatabase.org).
  • Fourteen case studies of PV urban planning have been published on the web, which provide a detailed look at the processes involved in making an urban scale PV project successful.
  • The case studies were then used to determine common success factors, problems and solutions. The results have also been presented at various workshops and discussed with relevant market stakeholders (developers and construction consortia, builders and urban planners, building owners, architects, engineers, etc).
  • Detailed reports on grid issues and economical drivers have been published on the project website.
  • Interaction with the IEA PVPS Task 10 "Urban-Scale Photovoltaic Applications". Moreover, PV-UP-SCALE activities have been built on the results of IEA Task 7 "building integrated PV", and Task 5 "Grid issues".
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Lessons learned

  • Although PV currently appears an expensive option for producing electricity compared to other energy sources, many countries support this technology because of its promising future potential and the additional benefits besides generating electricity, which are already effective at present. Future work needs to address technical development closely with standards development, and changes in regulatory frameworks, so that PV technology becomes an active part of tomorrow’s electricity networks.
  • BIPV systems can play an essential role in sustainable urban planning since they are easily and visually attractive integrated in building surfaces. In this respect architecturally well designed BIPV systems are an important driver to increase market deployment.
  • Last update: 24.06.2010
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Contact

Energy research Centre of the Netherlands
Netherlands
Contact point: 
Name: 
Dr Marjolein de Best-Waldhober
E-mail: 
Tel: 
+31-224-564798
Name: 
Frits van Oostvoorn
Tel: 
0031 224 564438
Name: 
Henk F. Kaan
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031-224-56 4500
Name: 
(Marc) H.M. Londo
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031 224 568253
Name: 
Nico van der Linden
Tel: 
0031 0 22456 4433
Name: 
Martin Scheepers
Tel: 
0031 224 564436
Name: 
marc Londo
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031 224 568253
Name: 
Nico van der Linden
Tel: 
0031 224 564433
Name: 
Karina Veum
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031-224-560882
Name: 
Frans Nieuwenhout
Tel: 
+31 224 564849

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In brief

Duration:
01/01/2006 to 30/06/2008
Contract number: 
EISAS/EIE/05/171/2005

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