PEPSE aims to develop a program that enhances sustainable access to electrical energy services in rural regions of Madagascar and to contribute in this way to the alleviation of poverty. It operates within the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and the national decentralisation policy framework. The main tasks are: - Exchange with rural development stakeholders on the impact of energy on rural development and poverty alleviation; - Development of decentralised rural electrification schemes using renewable energy sources that define details of the electricity supply for rural areas not supplied by the general network These schemes should be financially viable and of interest for local operators; - Submission of programmes jointly with the competent authorities to private operators to encourage their support; - Reinforcement of local capacities and skills at local, provincial and national levels in rural electrification planning.
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- Approximately 300 players from various sectors instructed about the interrelationship between energy and development.
- An inventory of community health-care, education, water supply, agriculture and already electrified infrastructures, in the two provinces with the compilation of a data base on socio-economical aspects and energy demand in domestic, social and economical sectors;
- 9 suitable Priority Zones (PZ), ready for the implementation of decentralized electrification programs;The elaboration of 9 DRE programs, concerning each region of the two provinces, with technical, organisational and financial modalities described, and The presentation of these programs to local stakeholders, investors and development players in the frame of an international seminar, on 17 and 18 of June 2008;
- The Ministry of Energy integrated the 9 programs as an energy sector’s priority action in their financial requests to international financial partners;
- Preliminary contacts established with private operators and investors
- A participatory approach has been considered as the best solution to deal with the challenge to communicate and collaborate with each of these groups. With a participation of such target groups in collection and distribution of information, in decision making and planning, in evaluation and validation of data, it was possible to get to know their situation and perspective and to consider them all along the project. With this participatory Aproach: Less planning can be more & consult the locals
- During the discussion concerning the general aim of PEPSE (eradication of poverty) and the on field researches, it appeared that the relation between electrification and development is very complex. The facilitation of social and economic development by electricity services is far from being automatic. Various prerequisites need to be fulfilled e.g. to facilitate an equal access to electricity and to encourage productive energy uses
- The positive reactions of the local stakeholders during the final workshop showed the necessity of deep investigations and particularly the elaboration of a planning method. Both, private investors and the Ministry of Energy mentioned it as a core problem that meanwhile the renewable energy resources as well as the population’s energy needs are considerable, and investment funds are available, there is a significant lack of concrete, well-budgeted and detailed projects
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Fondation des Energie pour le Monde
Duration:01/04/2005 to 31/08/2008