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Pathways to renewable and efficient energy systems (PATH-TO-RES)

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The PATH-TO-RES action used a number of case studies to develop a step-by-step assessment which can evaluate and define Pathways to renewable and efficient energy systems. Thus, a Pathway is a cost efficient way to bridge over from the present energy system to a sustainable system. The action started with a detailed description of the present system, where analyses and assessments are made on the possibilities and barriers for transformation of the energy system towards a more sustainable system. The hypothesis of the action is based on the concept of "think global act local". The action benefited from the project "Pathways to Sustainable European Energy system" in which the overall development of the European energy system is analysed, hence setting the boundary conditions for the PATH-TO-RES action with its local case studies in Göteborg (SE), Valencia (ES), Dunkerque (FR), Gdansk (PL) and Arnhem and Lochem (NL). The main deliverable is a 7-step assessment to evaluate and define pathways to renewable and efficient energy systems.


  • The main deliverable of PATH-TO-RES is an assessment methodology to evaluate and define pathways to renewable and efficient energy systems. PATH-TO-RES will give results both on a short term and on a longer term.
  • The short term results are obtained from the case studies illustrating pathways. The case studies should make it possible to define the pathways in a detailed way.
  • The longer term results show the potential to implement the case study results for other regions in EU, i.e. the aim is that the assessment methodology can be spread and applied to other regions in EU.

Lessons learned

  • A clear and structured description of the present energy system as basis for the work on establishing a strategy for transforming the energy system is a crucial and a very good exercise to get different stakeholders involved in the work. Yet, the work with describing the present energy systems of the case studies was not as obvious as initially expected.
  • For development towards sustainable local energy systems, it is crucial that short term actions are linked to long term visions and strategies. The pathway concept has proven to be a valuable supporting tool for this.
  • During the PATH-TO-RES project (and the interacting IEE 3-NITY and SEC-BENCH projects) it has been seen that municipalities assigned to the Covenant of Mayors too often lack of sufficient technical support in order to fulfil their SEAPs, both in terms of staff and supporting structures. For the latter issue, i.e. the supporting structures, it is concluded that there is a need of improved information channels in order to communicate existing supporting structures to these municipalities.

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Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Energy and Environment
Contact point: 
Filip Johnsson


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In brief

01/11/2007 to 30/04/2010
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