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OILECO VALUE CHAINS: Fostering Public-Private Partnerships for the Local Bio-Energy Market Value Chains of Used Cooking Oils (OILECO)

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The action is geared to the promotion of public-private partnerships (PPP) for the realization of OILECO value chains: Used Cooking Oil (UCO) collection, regeneration, and energy valorisation through local scale ventures, with special emphasis on the potential for distributed electricity & heat generation. Sustainability based integrated planning will support the identification of a few local communities (and associated market players) selected among a set of identified territories with a good potential for OILECO value chains in the participating member states. Opportunity studies on the potential in participating countries will be performed; pre-feasibility studies will be performed for a sub-set of opportunities and Public-Private-Partnerships will promoted for the most promising OILECO initiatives, bringing about the start up of at least 4-6 pilot OILECO initiatives in participating countries. Such pilot planning, execution and experience with a bottom-up approach should form a knowledge platform to be offered as showcases to public authorities and private actors in the wider European context.


  • A minimum of ten UCO value chains, consolidated or established ex novo and functional in the energy sector (UCO-based fuels used in distributed h&p generations, and, to a lesser extent, in adapted large vehicles).
  • A minimum of nineteen model participatory itineraries allowing establishment of PPPs valorising UCOs in the energy sector.
  • Legal, regulatory, administrative requisites for maximizing UCOs interception; trough a vademecum of bottom-up lessons or recommendations for regulatory reforms which would significantly reduce non-technological barriers to effective UCO elimination from waste streams and their energy content valorization.
  • Options for minimizing the transport component in the interception and collection of UCOs, especially those from households.
  • Communication - and trade options preventing UCO consignments against payments

Lessons learned

  • From the original emphasis on energy value chains for local energy uses (i.e. small co-generation, stationary industrial machinery), it has been necessary to move the PPPs towards the biodiesel market players. On the one hand, incentives for renewable electricity production are being reduced or removed (and no specific incentives for heating exist), and on the other hand there is an incentive to produce biodiesel from wastes and residues (double counting)
  • In some countries, such as Bulgaria, there may be issues relating to the signing of PPP due to mistrust of the private sector against the public sector, however it is possible to obtain the same results through the signing of agreements with the public or private sector separately
  • Need for private investment. Many of the opportunities got interrupted because of the important investment was required and no support came from institutions. The possible actions sites were reduced to those whose initial investment was assumable by small companies. The challenge consists of increasing the ratio of collecting as fast as possible, increasing notably the amount of UCO collected per year, and multiplying the efforts for dissemination activities from all the parts engaged.

Partners and coordinator

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European Consulting Brussels
Contact point: 
Mr Guido Mattei
+32 2 880 90 22


In brief

01/07/2011 to 31/03/2014
Contract number: 

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