Intelligent Energy Europe

Service tools

  • Current languageen

Navigation path

Solutions for biomass fuel market barriers and raw material availability (EUBIONET III)

Download PDFDownload PDF
EUBIONET III boosted sustainable, transparent international biomass fuel trade, secured the most cost efficient and value-adding use of biomass for energy and industry and identified yet unexploited biomass sources. The estimated annual techno-economical biomass potential is 157 Mtoe, of which 48% is currently utilised. Greatest potential for increased use lies on forest residues and herbaceous biomass. New industry sectors for increased biomass use were identified. Trade barriers have been evaluated and some solutions developed: the project has contributed to the development of Combined Nomenclature codes for wood pellets, of price indexes for industrial wood pellets and wood chips and of the CEN standards for solid biofuels. Wood fuel price mechanisms were analysed, national/international sustainability criteria for biomass were evaluated, "new" unexploited agro-industrial biomass sources were identified and case studies of biomass heating substituting fossil fuels and a biomass boilers producers' catalogue were prepared. An analysis of competition and price situation of woody biomass use in forest industry and energy sector was carried out.

Results

  • Estimated annual biomass potential is 157 Mtoe in EU24, of which 48% is currently utilised and greatest potential for increased use lies on forest residues and herbaceous biomass. In 2020 the need of biomass resources is estimated to be 220 Mtoe.
  • Trade barriers evaluated and the some solutions found: the project has contributed to the development of CN codes for wood pellets and trade statistics as of year 2009 in cooperation with EUROSTAT, of price indexes for industrial wood pellets and wood chips with commercial companies and of CEN standards for solid biofuels.
  • Questionnaire on sustainability criteria and certification systems received 475 answers from 34 countries received and 285 were used for analysis. Evaluated 44 different national or international sustainability criteria for biomass, biofuel and bioenergy.
  • A total of 54 "new" uneploited agro-industrial biomass sources were identified and total actual amount of 5.9 million tons of dry matter annually, corresponding to an energy potential of some 100 PJ (2.4 Mtoe). Estimated total potential of these new sources is 250 PJ (6.0 Mtoe).
  • 36 case studies of biomass heating substituting fossil fuels were collected. The potential to reduce CO2 equivalent emissions range from 90 to 95%, depending on the fuel which is replaced (gas or heating oil), the new biomass fuel and the capacity of the new heating system.
Top

Lessons learned

  • Based on current data, about 48% (3 166 PJ, 74 Mtoe) of the total biomass potential (excluding waste) (6 577 PJ, 157 Mtoe) is utilized and especially utilisation of fruit & herbaceous biomass is very low. Use of refined biomass fuels exceeds resources by 20%.
  • The most relevant sustainability criteria are minimization of GHG emissions and optimisation of energy balance. The stakeholder groups show differences in priority between the criteria. Measuring and quantifying sustainability of bioenergy is a very complicated issue. Sustainability can be defined in different ways, depending on the context and own values and interests.
  • It is almost a philosophical question how to measure the three dimensions (environmental, social and economic), which sometimes are even in conflict with each other. Cooperation with private price index developers resulted in industrial wood pellet and wood chips price indexes being published. International harmonised CN codes for wood pellets and trade statistics were developed thanks to the collaboration with EUROSTAT. Last update: 07.02.12
Top

Partners and coordinator

List Map
Top

Contact

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Espoo
Finland
Contact point: 
Name: 
Eija Alakangas
Tel: 
+358 20 722 2550
Name: 
Arvo Leinonen
Tel: 
00358 20 722 2677
Name: 
Riikka HOLOPAINEN
Tel: 
+358 40 571 0364

Budget

Key documents

More documents


In brief

Duration:
01/09/2008 to 31/08/2011
Contract number: 
IEE/07/777

Related projects

More projects