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Energy and Urban Planning In Restructuring Areas (ENPIRE)

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ENPIRE evaluated the state of the art on energy and urban planning in participating countries to gain and share experience on policy benchmarking. This project lead to recommendations and guidelines for local policy processes which were used in 7 case studies in restructuring areas. ENPIRE had an active dissemination policy and focused on local target groups in all EU 27 Member States. Special attention was paid to the local context in Eastern Europe. The outcome of local case studies lead to conclusions and recommendations for future projects. The outcomes were presented at symposium and each partner disseminated the conclusions and recommendations nationally.


  • Guidelines for local projects European Member States addressing the process, the tools to use, local legislation, implementing joint agreement
  • Report on the evaluation of the process of implementing energy in the early design stages of the urban planning.
  • vision documents on energy for each local project and joint agreements as far as possible
  • The potential impact will be up to 1.600 PJ reductions on primary energy use in all Member States
  • Cost savings due to selecting the right measures will be 10 million Euro in the local case studies and more then 75 billion Euro when ENPIRE is implemented in all Member States

Lessons learned

  • A wide scope of actors should be involved in initial discussions about ambitions. These discussions may cover more aspects than only energy or CO2 reduction but can also address energy costs and comfort levels for inhabitants, technical building improvement, etc. In this way a common set of interests can be identified with regard to improvement of existing buildings or the requirements for new buildings. A broad consensus among stakeholders on the desired ambition is crucial for implementation.
  • Technical analyses should be used to support and guide this ambition setting process, but parties themselves will have to decide on the ambition they want to commit themselves to. An energy vision should consider also the options for the project area as a whole and not be restricted to measures on a building level. Technical solutions should preferably have a high degree of flexibility to accommodate future changes in energy infrastructure, energy demand and energy pricing.
  • Regulations that place an upper limit on the cold rent can be serious bottleneck for the economic feasibility of investments in energy saving measures. Consideration of total living costs (i.e. rent plus energy costs) and guarantees by property owners on the maximum level of these total living costs in the future will help to overcome this problem.

Partners and coordinator

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W/E Adviseurs
Contact point: 
Erik Alsema


Key documents

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In brief

01/01/2008 to 31/12/2009
Contract number: