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Contributing to poverty Alleviation through Regional Energy Planning in Indonesia (CAREPI)

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A key component of the political reforms implemented in Indonesia is the devolution of responsibilities to regions. The Data and Information Centre of Energy and Mineral Resources (DICEMR) has been tasked to initiate and coordinate the decentralization process of energy policy formulation. To this end, DICEMR has developed a framework for the institutional set up for regional energy policy formulation. Within this framework, regional energy forums, supported by regional technical teams, are the key bodies for energy policy formulation. To enable regions to duly execute their new responsibilities, new institutions need to be created and relevant capacity for formulating regional energy policy needs to be built. CAREPI contributed to this process by identifying and bringing together key stakeholders, strengthening institutions that conduct energy planning and training local businesses that provide energy services in four regions. During 2007-2009 technical teams worked on the development of regional energy-economy databases, energy profiles, regional energy models and outlooks. The teams have looked at strategies to improve energy access to poor communities

Results

  • The institutional set up comprising the regional technical team and the regional energy forum was established in all regions except in North Sumatra. This is an important achievement because it means that the regional teams have become part of the annual regional planning and budgeting cycles and thus gradually become less dependent on donor funding
  • A regional energy profile for the year 2005 has been produced for all regions and was presented at the national seminar on regional energy planning held in August 2008 in Jakarta. Based on this profile the regional teams have produced a regional energy outlook for the year 2025 comprising a national (KEN) and a regional (KED) energy policy scenario
  • A micro hydro scheme which provides electricity to some 250 households in the nearby villages has been developed in West Nusa Tenggara and is now up-and-runnunig. In Central Java and Yogyakarta feasibility studies have been completed and investors for the construction identified and it is expected that construction can start in 2010
  • The teams have selected each a poor community in their region and have developed an energy strategy that addresses the energy-related needs and priorities of this community. Although the limited budget allowed only one community to be analysed, this exercise has considerably contributed to a better understanding of the specific needs of energy-poor communities and thus to better be able to formulate pro poor energy policies
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Lessons learned

  • Regarding the micro hydro activity the main lesson learnt is: “Get involved early and foresee long enough project duration that allows partners to learn from mistakes by being provided with respective feed-back.” Hydro power is not only to be built for a long life span (in the micro/mini hydro –size range in Indonesia typically for 15-25 years) but also requires substantial investments
  • Energy and socio-economic data availability in the regions is poor as well is the quality not equally present and it requires a large amount of time to collect, evaluate, analyse and properly store this information. In CAREPI, the teams needed more than a year to produce the regional energy profile but their efforts lead eventually to a complete, accurate and reliable energy database which is essential for energy policy analysis and formulation
  • Donor activities must be embedded in the regional institutional policy framework to ensure the sustainability of these activities. To successfully set up this institutional framework however requires ownership of the project by the regional government which means that the regional government( in particular the regional energy office) should be the main focus point for the project and should appoint the regional technical team, and not the other way around. Last updated: 20.07.2010
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Partners and coordinator

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Contact

Energy research Centre of the Netherlands
Netherlands
Contact point: 
Name: 
Dr Marjolein de Best-Waldhober
E-mail: 
Tel: 
+31-224-564798
Name: 
Frits van Oostvoorn
Tel: 
0031 224 564438
Name: 
Henk F. Kaan
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031-224-56 4500
Name: 
(Marc) H.M. Londo
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031 224 568253
Name: 
Nico van der Linden
Tel: 
0031 0 22456 4433
Name: 
Martin Scheepers
Tel: 
0031 224 564436
Name: 
marc Londo
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031 224 568253
Name: 
Nico van der Linden
Tel: 
0031 224 564433
Name: 
Karina Veum
E-mail: 
Tel: 
0031-224-560882
Name: 
Frans Nieuwenhout
Tel: 
+31 224 564849

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In brief

Duration:
01/01/2007 to 31/10/2009
Contract number: 
EICOO/EIE/06/261/2006

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